Abstract Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is an extremely dangerous worldwide pollutant due to its high toxicity towards all organisms. It has been introduced into the environment mainly as a wood preservative, biocides and from the bleaching of paper or tissues. The use of PCP indiscriminate has led to the contamination of water and soil systems. Many countries have specific regulations, guidelines or procedures for the management and disposal of PCP but the most common methods are: adsorption with activate carbons, incineration in an approved and secure area, closed in sealed containers and biological degradation. PCP depletion can occur either by abiotic processes such as: absorption, volatilization and photo degradation or by biotic degradation. One of the main studies focused on remediation using plants, animals and microbial communities. Aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms can degrade PCP under a variety of conditions and at different PCP concentrations. Bacterial strains such as Pseudomonas sp., Sphingomonas sp., Arthrobacter sp., Mycobacterium sp., Flavobacterium sp., Serratia sp. and Bacillus sp., and fungal cultures as Trametes sp., Phanerochaete sp., Anthracophyllum sp., Armillaria sp., Bjerkandera sp., Ganoderma sp., Lentinula sp., Penicillium sp, Trichoderma sp., Rhizopus sp. and Plerotus sp. showed various rates and extent of PCP degradation. This review focuses on PCP degradation by various aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms with emphases on the biological and chemical aspects. Furthermore we will analyze intermediate products, processes and enzymes involved in the degradation of PCP in different environmental conditions and at various PCP concentrations.

A comprehensive overview of bacteria and fungi used for pentachlorophenol biodegradation

BOSSO, LUCIANO;CRISTINZIO, GENNARO
2014

Abstract

Abstract Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is an extremely dangerous worldwide pollutant due to its high toxicity towards all organisms. It has been introduced into the environment mainly as a wood preservative, biocides and from the bleaching of paper or tissues. The use of PCP indiscriminate has led to the contamination of water and soil systems. Many countries have specific regulations, guidelines or procedures for the management and disposal of PCP but the most common methods are: adsorption with activate carbons, incineration in an approved and secure area, closed in sealed containers and biological degradation. PCP depletion can occur either by abiotic processes such as: absorption, volatilization and photo degradation or by biotic degradation. One of the main studies focused on remediation using plants, animals and microbial communities. Aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms can degrade PCP under a variety of conditions and at different PCP concentrations. Bacterial strains such as Pseudomonas sp., Sphingomonas sp., Arthrobacter sp., Mycobacterium sp., Flavobacterium sp., Serratia sp. and Bacillus sp., and fungal cultures as Trametes sp., Phanerochaete sp., Anthracophyllum sp., Armillaria sp., Bjerkandera sp., Ganoderma sp., Lentinula sp., Penicillium sp, Trichoderma sp., Rhizopus sp. and Plerotus sp. showed various rates and extent of PCP degradation. This review focuses on PCP degradation by various aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms with emphases on the biological and chemical aspects. Furthermore we will analyze intermediate products, processes and enzymes involved in the degradation of PCP in different environmental conditions and at various PCP concentrations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/584696
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