Total colectomy (TC) is a valid option for cancer treatment in selected cases. Emergency presentation, association to familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or intestinal bowel disease (IBD), hereditary non-polyposis cancer (HNPCC), and synchronous tumors are the common indications to TC for cancer. Despite potential high morbidity and mortality rates for worse general health conditions of the advanced age it has even suggested for elderly patients. We reviewed our experience to analyze the current role of TC comparing different results between young and elderly patients. During the period 1990-2012, 76 patients were operated on TC for cancer. Patients were divided in two groups according to the age [<65 - group A (young) and >65 years old - group B (elderly)] and were compared their systemic and surgical complication, considering the presence of comorbidities, ASA score, lifestyle habits, elective or emergency presentation. Morbidity rate was 7.7% and 38.8% in young and elderly patients respectively.21 systemic complications (3 in group A and 18 in group B) occurred in 17 patients (22.36%) (with the coexistence of two complications in 4 patients belonging to the group B. There were 6 surgical complications (7.9%) (3 in group A and 3 in group B): anastomotic leakage 3, major wound infections 2, postoperative bleeding 1; no intra-abdominal abscess were observed. In 2 cases (2.6%) (1 anastomotic leak and 1 intra-abdominal postoperative hemorrhage) was needed a reoperation. We observed only 2 deaths in the elderly. High ASA score and emergency were associated with worst results. Systemic complications were more frequent in elderly patients cause of significant comorbidities, while the incidence of surgical complications was similar and according to literature. Besides the classic indications, it is a viable surgical option also in cancer associated with complicated diverticulitis. Our data show that TC is a safe and effective procedure providing good results even in elderly patients, when combined with a careful preoperative evaluation and age is not an absolute controindication to this procedure

Total colectomy for cancer: analysis of factors linked to patients' age / Carlomagno, Nicola; Santangelo, Michele; Amato, Bruno; Calogero, Armando; Saracco, Michele; Cremone, Cristiano; Miranda, A; Dodaro, CONCETTA ANNA; Renda, Andrea. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURGERY. - ISSN 1743-9191. - 12:Supplement2(2014), pp. S135-S139. [10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.08.363]

Total colectomy for cancer: analysis of factors linked to patients' age.

CARLOMAGNO, NICOLA;SANTANGELO, MICHELE;AMATO, BRUNO;CALOGERO, ARMANDO;SARACCO, MICHELE;CREMONE, CRISTIANO;DODARO, CONCETTA ANNA;RENDA, ANDREA
2014

Abstract

Total colectomy (TC) is a valid option for cancer treatment in selected cases. Emergency presentation, association to familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or intestinal bowel disease (IBD), hereditary non-polyposis cancer (HNPCC), and synchronous tumors are the common indications to TC for cancer. Despite potential high morbidity and mortality rates for worse general health conditions of the advanced age it has even suggested for elderly patients. We reviewed our experience to analyze the current role of TC comparing different results between young and elderly patients. During the period 1990-2012, 76 patients were operated on TC for cancer. Patients were divided in two groups according to the age [<65 - group A (young) and >65 years old - group B (elderly)] and were compared their systemic and surgical complication, considering the presence of comorbidities, ASA score, lifestyle habits, elective or emergency presentation. Morbidity rate was 7.7% and 38.8% in young and elderly patients respectively.21 systemic complications (3 in group A and 18 in group B) occurred in 17 patients (22.36%) (with the coexistence of two complications in 4 patients belonging to the group B. There were 6 surgical complications (7.9%) (3 in group A and 3 in group B): anastomotic leakage 3, major wound infections 2, postoperative bleeding 1; no intra-abdominal abscess were observed. In 2 cases (2.6%) (1 anastomotic leak and 1 intra-abdominal postoperative hemorrhage) was needed a reoperation. We observed only 2 deaths in the elderly. High ASA score and emergency were associated with worst results. Systemic complications were more frequent in elderly patients cause of significant comorbidities, while the incidence of surgical complications was similar and according to literature. Besides the classic indications, it is a viable surgical option also in cancer associated with complicated diverticulitis. Our data show that TC is a safe and effective procedure providing good results even in elderly patients, when combined with a careful preoperative evaluation and age is not an absolute controindication to this procedure
2014
Total colectomy for cancer: analysis of factors linked to patients' age / Carlomagno, Nicola; Santangelo, Michele; Amato, Bruno; Calogero, Armando; Saracco, Michele; Cremone, Cristiano; Miranda, A; Dodaro, CONCETTA ANNA; Renda, Andrea. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURGERY. - ISSN 1743-9191. - 12:Supplement2(2014), pp. S135-S139. [10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.08.363]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/584348
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