BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is a gaseous mediator strongly involved in cardiovascular homeostasis, where it provokes vasodilation. Having previously shown that H2S contributes to testosterone (T) induced vasorelaxation, here we aim to uncover the mechanisms underlying this effect. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: H2S biosynthesis was evaluated in rat isolated aorta rings following androgen receptor (AR) stimulation. Co-immunoprecipitation and surface plasmon resonance analysis have been performed to investigate mechanisms involved in AR activation. KEY RESULTS: H2S biosynthesis is associated to activation of AR by testosterone or androgen agonist mesterolone and blocked by AR antagonist nilutamide. This event is linked to AR-multicomplex-derived heath shock protein 90 (hsp90), since its specific inhibitor geldanamycin strongly reduced T-induced H2S production. Neither progesterone nor 17-β-oestradiol actions did account for H2S release. Furthermore, we found that cystathionine gamma lyase (CSE), the main vascular H2S-synthesizing enzyme, is physically associated to AR/hsp90 complex and the generation of such a ternary system represents a key event leading to CSE activation. Finally, H2S levels in human blood collected from male healthy volunteers were higher than those observed in female samples. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Here, we demonstrated that selective activation of the AR is essential for H2S biosynthesis within vascular tissue and this event is based on formation of a ternary complex among CSE, AR and hsp90. This novel molecular mechanism operating in vascular district, corroborated by higher H2S level in males, suggested that L-cysteine/CSE/H2S pathway may be preferentially activated in males leading to a gender-related H2S biosynthesis.

Crucial role of androgen receptor in vascular H2S biosynthesis induced by testosterone / Brancaleone, V; Vellecco, V; Matassa, D; d'Emmanuele di Villa Bianca, R; Sorrentino, R; Ianaro, A; Bucci, M; Esposito, F; Cirino, G.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - 172:6(2015), pp. 1505-1515. [10.1111/bph.12740]

Crucial role of androgen receptor in vascular H2S biosynthesis induced by testosterone.

Vellecco V
Primo
;
Matassa D;d'Emmanuele di Villa Bianca R;Sorrentino R;Ianaro A;Bucci M;Esposito F;Cirino G.
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is a gaseous mediator strongly involved in cardiovascular homeostasis, where it provokes vasodilation. Having previously shown that H2S contributes to testosterone (T) induced vasorelaxation, here we aim to uncover the mechanisms underlying this effect. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: H2S biosynthesis was evaluated in rat isolated aorta rings following androgen receptor (AR) stimulation. Co-immunoprecipitation and surface plasmon resonance analysis have been performed to investigate mechanisms involved in AR activation. KEY RESULTS: H2S biosynthesis is associated to activation of AR by testosterone or androgen agonist mesterolone and blocked by AR antagonist nilutamide. This event is linked to AR-multicomplex-derived heath shock protein 90 (hsp90), since its specific inhibitor geldanamycin strongly reduced T-induced H2S production. Neither progesterone nor 17-β-oestradiol actions did account for H2S release. Furthermore, we found that cystathionine gamma lyase (CSE), the main vascular H2S-synthesizing enzyme, is physically associated to AR/hsp90 complex and the generation of such a ternary system represents a key event leading to CSE activation. Finally, H2S levels in human blood collected from male healthy volunteers were higher than those observed in female samples. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Here, we demonstrated that selective activation of the AR is essential for H2S biosynthesis within vascular tissue and this event is based on formation of a ternary complex among CSE, AR and hsp90. This novel molecular mechanism operating in vascular district, corroborated by higher H2S level in males, suggested that L-cysteine/CSE/H2S pathway may be preferentially activated in males leading to a gender-related H2S biosynthesis.
2015
Crucial role of androgen receptor in vascular H2S biosynthesis induced by testosterone / Brancaleone, V; Vellecco, V; Matassa, D; d'Emmanuele di Villa Bianca, R; Sorrentino, R; Ianaro, A; Bucci, M; Esposito, F; Cirino, G.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - 172:6(2015), pp. 1505-1515. [10.1111/bph.12740]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
BJP 2015.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Dominio pubblico
Dimensione 1.27 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.27 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/581314
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 29
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 25
social impact