This paper compares the experimental results of a set of centrifuge models of tunnels in sand under seismic loadings with the predictions of finite element dynamic analyses and of simplified methods. In order to characterise the soil behaviour, mobilised shear stiffness and damping ratio of the sand model have been back-calculated from the experimental results according to two different procedures. Starting from the accelerometer measurements, one was based on the transfer functions from surface to base and the other one on the average shear stress–strain cycles along the sand layer. A series of viscoelastic 2D dynamic analyses were performed to simulate the model tests by a linear equivalent approach. The equivalent shear stiffness and damping ratio determined from stress–strain cycles were used as input values for the analyses. The shear stress transfer at the ground-lining interface was back-analysed to calibrate the interface elements used in the numerical code, in order to improve the assessment of the transient changes of hoop force. Finally, the numerical results have been compared to analytical solutions, widely adopted in the design, and to the experimental data in terms of transient increments of internal forces in the lining. Such a comparison indicates that the analytical formulations give a good estimation of the seismic increment of bending moment in the lining and a reasonable lower bound for the transient changes of hoop forces, provided that cyclic shear strains are correctly evaluated

Experimental and numerical study on circular tunnels under seismic loading / Giovanni, Lanzano; Bilotta, Emilio; Russo, Gianpiero; Silvestri, Francesco. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND CIVIL ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1964-8189. - (2015). [10.1080/19648189.2014.893211]

Experimental and numerical study on circular tunnels under seismic loading

BILOTTA, EMILIO;RUSSO, GIANPIERO;SILVESTRI, FRANCESCO
2015

Abstract

This paper compares the experimental results of a set of centrifuge models of tunnels in sand under seismic loadings with the predictions of finite element dynamic analyses and of simplified methods. In order to characterise the soil behaviour, mobilised shear stiffness and damping ratio of the sand model have been back-calculated from the experimental results according to two different procedures. Starting from the accelerometer measurements, one was based on the transfer functions from surface to base and the other one on the average shear stress–strain cycles along the sand layer. A series of viscoelastic 2D dynamic analyses were performed to simulate the model tests by a linear equivalent approach. The equivalent shear stiffness and damping ratio determined from stress–strain cycles were used as input values for the analyses. The shear stress transfer at the ground-lining interface was back-analysed to calibrate the interface elements used in the numerical code, in order to improve the assessment of the transient changes of hoop force. Finally, the numerical results have been compared to analytical solutions, widely adopted in the design, and to the experimental data in terms of transient increments of internal forces in the lining. Such a comparison indicates that the analytical formulations give a good estimation of the seismic increment of bending moment in the lining and a reasonable lower bound for the transient changes of hoop forces, provided that cyclic shear strains are correctly evaluated
2015
Experimental and numerical study on circular tunnels under seismic loading / Giovanni, Lanzano; Bilotta, Emilio; Russo, Gianpiero; Silvestri, Francesco. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND CIVIL ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1964-8189. - (2015). [10.1080/19648189.2014.893211]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/574401
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