Platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFRβ) is a cell-surface tyrosine kinase receptor implicated in several cellular processes including proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis. It represents a compelling therapeutic target in many human tumors, including glioma. A number of tyrosine kinase inhibitors under development as antitumor agents have been found to inhibit PDGFRβ. However, they are not selective as they present multiple tyrosine kinase targets. Here, we report a novel PDGFRβ-specific antagonist represented by a nuclease-resistant RNA-aptamer, named Gint4.T. This aptamer is able to specifically bind to the human PDGFRβ ectodomain (Kd: 9.6 nmol/l) causing a strong inhibition of ligand-dependent receptor activation and of downstream signaling in cell lines and primary cultures of human glioblastoma cells. Moreover, Gint4.T aptamer drastically inhibits cell migration and proliferation, induces differentiation, and blocks tumor growth in vivo. In addition, Gint4.T aptamer prevents PDGFRβ heterodimerization with and resultant transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor. As a result, the combination of Gint4.T and an epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted aptamer is better at slowing tumor growth than either single aptamer alone. These findings reveal Gint4.T as a PDGFRβ-drug candidate with translational potential.

Inhibition of Receptor Signaling and of Glioblastoma-derived Tumor Growth by a Novel PDGFRbeta Aptamer / Camorani, S; Esposito, Cl; Rienzo, A; Catuogno, Silvia; Iaboni, Margherita; Condorelli, Gerolama; de Franciscis, V; Cerchia, Laura. - In: MOLECULAR THERAPY. - ISSN 1525-0016. - 22:4(2014), pp. 828-841. [10.1038/mt.2013.300]

Inhibition of Receptor Signaling and of Glioblastoma-derived Tumor Growth by a Novel PDGFRbeta Aptamer.

CATUOGNO, SILVIA;IABONI, MARGHERITA;CONDORELLI, GEROLAMA;CERCHIA, LAURA
2014

Abstract

Platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFRβ) is a cell-surface tyrosine kinase receptor implicated in several cellular processes including proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis. It represents a compelling therapeutic target in many human tumors, including glioma. A number of tyrosine kinase inhibitors under development as antitumor agents have been found to inhibit PDGFRβ. However, they are not selective as they present multiple tyrosine kinase targets. Here, we report a novel PDGFRβ-specific antagonist represented by a nuclease-resistant RNA-aptamer, named Gint4.T. This aptamer is able to specifically bind to the human PDGFRβ ectodomain (Kd: 9.6 nmol/l) causing a strong inhibition of ligand-dependent receptor activation and of downstream signaling in cell lines and primary cultures of human glioblastoma cells. Moreover, Gint4.T aptamer drastically inhibits cell migration and proliferation, induces differentiation, and blocks tumor growth in vivo. In addition, Gint4.T aptamer prevents PDGFRβ heterodimerization with and resultant transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor. As a result, the combination of Gint4.T and an epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted aptamer is better at slowing tumor growth than either single aptamer alone. These findings reveal Gint4.T as a PDGFRβ-drug candidate with translational potential.
2014
Inhibition of Receptor Signaling and of Glioblastoma-derived Tumor Growth by a Novel PDGFRbeta Aptamer / Camorani, S; Esposito, Cl; Rienzo, A; Catuogno, Silvia; Iaboni, Margherita; Condorelli, Gerolama; de Franciscis, V; Cerchia, Laura. - In: MOLECULAR THERAPY. - ISSN 1525-0016. - 22:4(2014), pp. 828-841. [10.1038/mt.2013.300]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/574397
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