Expression and distribution of leptin and ghrelin in the digestive ap-paratus of DIO (diet-induced obesity) zebrafish Maruccio L, Russo F, Arcamone N, Mania M, Randazzo B, Ciriaco E In this report we analyzed the expression and distribution of leptin and ghrelin in the digestive apparatus of DIO zebrafish. Leptin is anorexigenic peptide while ghrelin is orexigenic one. They act as antagonists. In this study in order to develop an obesity phenotype adult zebrafish were divided into two dietary groups. The con-trol group was fed with Artemia (5 mg cysts/fish/day) once per day. The overfeeding group was fed three times per day with Artemia (60 mg cysts/fish/day). For calorie restriction, the zebrafish was fed with Artemia (2.5 mg cysts/fish/day) for 2 weeks after being overfed for 8 weeks. At the end of this period, after 24h of fasting, the zebrafish digestive apparatus were sampled for immunohistochemistry, western blotting and qRT-PCR techniques. Leptin and ghrelin immunoreactivity were found in the enteric nervous system and neuroen-docrine cells in overfeeding and control zebrafish intestine. The number of immunopositive cells is greater in DIO zebrafish than in control ones. In both groups leptin immunoreactive nervous fibers were found around ducts and vessels of liver. The presence of proteins were confirmed by western blotting analysis. By qRT-PCR, leptin and ghrelin mRNA levels are higher in the overfeeding zebrafish intestine and in control zebrafish liver. The immunological detection of ghrelin and leptin in control zebrafish are in agreement with literature data. In DIO zebrafish the results are similar to those found for obese mammals. In conclusion, this study represent a starting point to investigate the mechanisms involved in the regulation of appetite and energy balance in DIO zebrafish.

Expression and distribution of leptin and ghrelin in the digestive ap-paratus of DIO (diet-induced obesity) zebrafish

MARUCCIO, LUCIANNA;ARCAMONE, NADIA;
2013

Abstract

Expression and distribution of leptin and ghrelin in the digestive ap-paratus of DIO (diet-induced obesity) zebrafish Maruccio L, Russo F, Arcamone N, Mania M, Randazzo B, Ciriaco E In this report we analyzed the expression and distribution of leptin and ghrelin in the digestive apparatus of DIO zebrafish. Leptin is anorexigenic peptide while ghrelin is orexigenic one. They act as antagonists. In this study in order to develop an obesity phenotype adult zebrafish were divided into two dietary groups. The con-trol group was fed with Artemia (5 mg cysts/fish/day) once per day. The overfeeding group was fed three times per day with Artemia (60 mg cysts/fish/day). For calorie restriction, the zebrafish was fed with Artemia (2.5 mg cysts/fish/day) for 2 weeks after being overfed for 8 weeks. At the end of this period, after 24h of fasting, the zebrafish digestive apparatus were sampled for immunohistochemistry, western blotting and qRT-PCR techniques. Leptin and ghrelin immunoreactivity were found in the enteric nervous system and neuroen-docrine cells in overfeeding and control zebrafish intestine. The number of immunopositive cells is greater in DIO zebrafish than in control ones. In both groups leptin immunoreactive nervous fibers were found around ducts and vessels of liver. The presence of proteins were confirmed by western blotting analysis. By qRT-PCR, leptin and ghrelin mRNA levels are higher in the overfeeding zebrafish intestine and in control zebrafish liver. The immunological detection of ghrelin and leptin in control zebrafish are in agreement with literature data. In DIO zebrafish the results are similar to those found for obese mammals. In conclusion, this study represent a starting point to investigate the mechanisms involved in the regulation of appetite and energy balance in DIO zebrafish.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/573832
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