The photocatalytic degradation of an antibiotic, vancomycin B hydrochloride (VAN-B), has been investigated in aqueous suspensions of titanium dioxide (TiO2) by monitoring the change in its concentration as well as the production of ammonia and chlorides as a function of irradiation time. The removal of 50 mg L-1 VAN-B solution yields maximum concentrations of 2.45 and 2.53 mg N-NH3 L-1 after 120 min of photocatalytic oxidation using 0.1 and 0.2 g TiO2 L-1, respectively. When 0.2 g TiO2 L-1 were applied up to 87% of the stoichiometric amount of chloride was reached within 120 min of irradiation, corresponding to 0.087 mmol L-1.A set of bioassays (Daphnia magna, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and Ceriodaphnia dubia) was performed to evaluate the potential detoxification of VAN-B and its by-products of oxidation under chronic and acute tests. The toxicity of the treated VAN-B samples varied during the oxidation, due to the formation of some intermediate products more toxic than VAN-B. Despite almost total removal of VAN-B that was achieved within 120 min of irradiation, a significant increase in toxicity was observed in chronic tests proving that the chronic assays are more appropriate than acute ones to detect the impact of by-products formed during the photocatalytic degradation of

An integrated chemical and ecotoxicological assessment for the photocatalytic degradation of vancomycin

Lofrano G.;Siciliano A.;GUIDA, MARCO
2014

Abstract

The photocatalytic degradation of an antibiotic, vancomycin B hydrochloride (VAN-B), has been investigated in aqueous suspensions of titanium dioxide (TiO2) by monitoring the change in its concentration as well as the production of ammonia and chlorides as a function of irradiation time. The removal of 50 mg L-1 VAN-B solution yields maximum concentrations of 2.45 and 2.53 mg N-NH3 L-1 after 120 min of photocatalytic oxidation using 0.1 and 0.2 g TiO2 L-1, respectively. When 0.2 g TiO2 L-1 were applied up to 87% of the stoichiometric amount of chloride was reached within 120 min of irradiation, corresponding to 0.087 mmol L-1.A set of bioassays (Daphnia magna, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata and Ceriodaphnia dubia) was performed to evaluate the potential detoxification of VAN-B and its by-products of oxidation under chronic and acute tests. The toxicity of the treated VAN-B samples varied during the oxidation, due to the formation of some intermediate products more toxic than VAN-B. Despite almost total removal of VAN-B that was achieved within 120 min of irradiation, a significant increase in toxicity was observed in chronic tests proving that the chronic assays are more appropriate than acute ones to detect the impact of by-products formed during the photocatalytic degradation of
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/572121
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