The effectiveness of compost supply at several doses (0, 50, 100, and 150 t/ha) to a saline soil was studied using municipal solid waste (MSW) and palm waste (PW) composts. The experiment was carried out in pots under cultivation of Polypogon monspeliensis (halophyte forage species) and Hordeum vulgare (common forage species) and lasted three months. The investigation focused on some selected soil physico-chemical properties, soil microbial biomass, and ten soil enzymatic activities; Arylsulfatase (ARY), dehydrogenase (DEH), β-glycosidase (β-GLU), protease (PRO), urease (URE), invertase (INV), Fluorescein diacetate hydrolase (FDAH), catalase (CAT), acid and alkaline phosphatases (PHO). Both amendments improve markedly the saline soil quality. They ameliorate the physico-chemical properties. The increase of soil pH is regarded as an interesting fact and is usually proportional to the compost application rate. Electrical conductivity increased proportionally to the applied rates. Soil carbon and nitrogen amounts were also improved and the highest raise (7.5-folds) was noted for carbon. According to the substantial increase of the organic matter, levels of measured microbial biomass and several enzyme activities in saline soil were improved. DEH activity which proposed as a measure of overall microbial activity exhibited a significant increase only at dose 2 (100 t/ha). Consequently, One hundred tones of composts per hectare, under which some enzymes exhibited an optimal of activity and metal accumulation can be minimized, appeared an interesting rate for saline soil amendment.

Effects of two composts and two grasses on microbial biomass and biological activity in a salt-affected soil

SCELZA, ROSALIA;SCOTTI, RICCARDO;RAO, MARIA ANTONIETTA
2013

Abstract

The effectiveness of compost supply at several doses (0, 50, 100, and 150 t/ha) to a saline soil was studied using municipal solid waste (MSW) and palm waste (PW) composts. The experiment was carried out in pots under cultivation of Polypogon monspeliensis (halophyte forage species) and Hordeum vulgare (common forage species) and lasted three months. The investigation focused on some selected soil physico-chemical properties, soil microbial biomass, and ten soil enzymatic activities; Arylsulfatase (ARY), dehydrogenase (DEH), β-glycosidase (β-GLU), protease (PRO), urease (URE), invertase (INV), Fluorescein diacetate hydrolase (FDAH), catalase (CAT), acid and alkaline phosphatases (PHO). Both amendments improve markedly the saline soil quality. They ameliorate the physico-chemical properties. The increase of soil pH is regarded as an interesting fact and is usually proportional to the compost application rate. Electrical conductivity increased proportionally to the applied rates. Soil carbon and nitrogen amounts were also improved and the highest raise (7.5-folds) was noted for carbon. According to the substantial increase of the organic matter, levels of measured microbial biomass and several enzyme activities in saline soil were improved. DEH activity which proposed as a measure of overall microbial activity exhibited a significant increase only at dose 2 (100 t/ha). Consequently, One hundred tones of composts per hectare, under which some enzymes exhibited an optimal of activity and metal accumulation can be minimized, appeared an interesting rate for saline soil amendment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/570099
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