Mechanochemistry is of greater interest at present due to its application in the transformation of waste. In this study, an innovative application is proposed, namely to mechanochemically treat blast furnace slag so that it can be recycled into a low-cost adsorbent. In particular, the way this industrial waste adsorbs methylene blue present in aqueous solutions has been dealt with in detail. To this end, the slag was treated in a planetary mill at different charge ratios, rotational speeds and milling times, and then characterized by laser granulometry, porosimetric, XRD and SEM analyses. These investigations shed light on the interrelationships between milling conditions and the physico-chemical characteristics of the slag. Then the most interesting samples to submit to the following adsorption equilibrium and kinetic tests were chosen. These runs were conducted at different dye initial concentrations and adsorption times, and the results were interpreted according to the previously analyzed characteristics of the slag. Furthermore, adsorption data was post-processed in order to obtain values for the equilibrium and kinetic constants, the separation factor, the removal efficiency, the initial adsorption rate and the characteristic adsorption times.

Effect of mechanochemical processing on adsorptive properties of blast furnace slag

ANDINI, SALVATORE;MONTAGNARO, FABIO;SANTORO, LUCIANO
2013

Abstract

Mechanochemistry is of greater interest at present due to its application in the transformation of waste. In this study, an innovative application is proposed, namely to mechanochemically treat blast furnace slag so that it can be recycled into a low-cost adsorbent. In particular, the way this industrial waste adsorbs methylene blue present in aqueous solutions has been dealt with in detail. To this end, the slag was treated in a planetary mill at different charge ratios, rotational speeds and milling times, and then characterized by laser granulometry, porosimetric, XRD and SEM analyses. These investigations shed light on the interrelationships between milling conditions and the physico-chemical characteristics of the slag. Then the most interesting samples to submit to the following adsorption equilibrium and kinetic tests were chosen. These runs were conducted at different dye initial concentrations and adsorption times, and the results were interpreted according to the previously analyzed characteristics of the slag. Furthermore, adsorption data was post-processed in order to obtain values for the equilibrium and kinetic constants, the separation factor, the removal efficiency, the initial adsorption rate and the characteristic adsorption times.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/562839
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