In this paper an experimental test rig aimed to characterize mechanical properties of a pneumatic tyre, together with some results, is presented. The objective is to determine tyre mechanical characteristics useful to physically model its behaviour; in particular: the normal interaction characteristic, the radial stiffness, the total stiffness and the longitudinal hysteretic cycles. To this aim two different kind of tests have been executed: radial and longitudinal. In the radial test the load is statically applied to the tyre, along the vertical direction, by means of an hydraulic press and it is measured together with the consequent radial deformation, so allowing the estimation of the tyre normal interaction characteristic and of its radial stiffness. Different radial tests can be conducted for an assigned tyre varying the inflation pressure. The longitudinal tests are conducted applying, under an assigned constant vertical load, a variable horizontal strain to the tyre by means of a linear actuator, two profile rail guides and a system to transfer the horizontal motion to the contact patch of the tyre, opportunely placed on a moving steel plate placed on the two linear guide rails. During the tests the horizontal load and the resulting deformations are measured and acquired so allowing the estimation of tyre total stiffness and of its longitudinal hysteretic cycles. Longitudinal tests can be conducted varying the assigned vertical load, the horizontal displacement law in terms of frequency and amplitude, the tyre inflation pressure. All the different types of rim can be mounted on the test rig thanks to a universal quick flange.
A Full Scale Test Rig to Characterize Pneumatic Tyre Mechanical Behaviour / Farroni, Flavio; Rocca, Ernesto; Timpone, Francesco. - In: INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1970-8734. - 7:5(2013), pp. 841-846.