The scenarios for the long-term habitation of space platforms and planetary stations involve plants as fundamental part of Bioregenerative Life Support Systems (BLSS) to support the crew needs. Several constraints may limit plant growth in space: among them ionizing radiation is recognized to severely affect plant cell at morphological, physiological and biochemical level. In this work, plants of Phaseolus vulgaris L. were subjected to four different doses of X-rays (0.3, 10, 50 and 100 Gy) in order to assess the effects of ionizing radiation on this species and to analyze possible mechanisms carried out to overcome the radiation injuries. The effects of X-rays on plant growth were assessed by measuring stem elongation, number of internodes and leaf dry weight. The integrity of photosynthetic apparatus was evaluated by photosynthetic pigment composition and ribulose 1,5- bisphosphate carboxylase (Rubisco) activity, whereas changes in total antioxidant pool and glutathione S transferase activity (GST) were utilized as markers of oxidative stress. The distribution of phenolic compounds in leaf tissues as natural shielding against radiation was also determined. Irradiation of plants at 0.3 and 10 Gy did not determine differences in all considered parameters as compared to control. On the contrary, at 50 and 100 Gy a reduction of plant growth and a decrease in photosynthetic pigment content, as well as an increase in phenolic compounds and a decrease in total antioxidant content and GST activity were found. Only a slight reduction of Rubisco activity in leaves irradiated at 50 and 100 Gy was found. The overall results indicate P. vulgaris as a species with a good potential to face ionizing radiation and suggest its suitability for utilization in BLSSs.

Response of Phaseolus Vulgaris L. plants to low-LET ionizing radiation: growth and oxidative stress / Arena, Carmen; DE MICCO, Veronica; Aronne, Giovanna; Pugliese, Mariagabriella; Virzo, Amalia; DE MAIO, Anna. - In: ACTA ASTRONAUTICA. - ISSN 0094-5765. - 91:(2013), pp. 107-114. [10.1016/j.actaastro.2013.05.013]

Response of Phaseolus Vulgaris L. plants to low-LET ionizing radiation: growth and oxidative stress

ARENA, CARMEN;DE MICCO, VERONICA;ARONNE, GIOVANNA;PUGLIESE, MARIAGABRIELLA;VIRZO, AMALIA;DE MAIO, ANNA
2013

Abstract

The scenarios for the long-term habitation of space platforms and planetary stations involve plants as fundamental part of Bioregenerative Life Support Systems (BLSS) to support the crew needs. Several constraints may limit plant growth in space: among them ionizing radiation is recognized to severely affect plant cell at morphological, physiological and biochemical level. In this work, plants of Phaseolus vulgaris L. were subjected to four different doses of X-rays (0.3, 10, 50 and 100 Gy) in order to assess the effects of ionizing radiation on this species and to analyze possible mechanisms carried out to overcome the radiation injuries. The effects of X-rays on plant growth were assessed by measuring stem elongation, number of internodes and leaf dry weight. The integrity of photosynthetic apparatus was evaluated by photosynthetic pigment composition and ribulose 1,5- bisphosphate carboxylase (Rubisco) activity, whereas changes in total antioxidant pool and glutathione S transferase activity (GST) were utilized as markers of oxidative stress. The distribution of phenolic compounds in leaf tissues as natural shielding against radiation was also determined. Irradiation of plants at 0.3 and 10 Gy did not determine differences in all considered parameters as compared to control. On the contrary, at 50 and 100 Gy a reduction of plant growth and a decrease in photosynthetic pigment content, as well as an increase in phenolic compounds and a decrease in total antioxidant content and GST activity were found. Only a slight reduction of Rubisco activity in leaves irradiated at 50 and 100 Gy was found. The overall results indicate P. vulgaris as a species with a good potential to face ionizing radiation and suggest its suitability for utilization in BLSSs.
2013
Response of Phaseolus Vulgaris L. plants to low-LET ionizing radiation: growth and oxidative stress / Arena, Carmen; DE MICCO, Veronica; Aronne, Giovanna; Pugliese, Mariagabriella; Virzo, Amalia; DE MAIO, Anna. - In: ACTA ASTRONAUTICA. - ISSN 0094-5765. - 91:(2013), pp. 107-114. [10.1016/j.actaastro.2013.05.013]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/560130
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