A solidification–stabilization procedure aiming at immobilizing Cs+ and Sr2+, two of the radioactive species more frequently present in nuclear power plant wastewaters, was successfully tested. Both cations were simultaneously exchanged by a blend of two zeolites, a phillipsite-rich tuff, selective for Cs+, and a synthetic zeolite Linde-type A, selective for Sr2+. The contaminated material was then heat treated up to 1200 °C with the result of safely immobilizing both cations, as demonstrated by leaching estimation with three different procedures. X-ray studies of the single cation-loaded zeolites or mixture of them helped to interpret the immobilization mechanism, involving cation trapping in chemically stable crystalline/amorphous matrices formed as a result of firing.

Entrapping of Cs and Sr in heat-treated zeolite matrices

LIGUORI, BARBARA;CAPUTO, DOMENICO;IUCOLANO, FABIO;APREA, PAOLO;DE GENNARO, BRUNO
2013

Abstract

A solidification–stabilization procedure aiming at immobilizing Cs+ and Sr2+, two of the radioactive species more frequently present in nuclear power plant wastewaters, was successfully tested. Both cations were simultaneously exchanged by a blend of two zeolites, a phillipsite-rich tuff, selective for Cs+, and a synthetic zeolite Linde-type A, selective for Sr2+. The contaminated material was then heat treated up to 1200 °C with the result of safely immobilizing both cations, as demonstrated by leaching estimation with three different procedures. X-ray studies of the single cation-loaded zeolites or mixture of them helped to interpret the immobilization mechanism, involving cation trapping in chemically stable crystalline/amorphous matrices formed as a result of firing.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/531676
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