Given the specific melanin-associated paramagnetic features, the Electron Spin Resonance (ESR, called also Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, EPR) analysis has been proposed as a potential tool for non-invasive melanoma diagnosis. However, studies comparing human melanoma tissues to the most appropriate physiological counterpart (nevi) have not been performed, and ESR direct correlation with melanoma clinical features has never been investigated. ESR spectrum was obtained from melanoma and non-melanoma cell-cultures as well as mouse melanoma and non-melanoma tissues and an endogenous ESR signal (g = 2.005) was found in human melanoma cells and in primary melanoma tissues explanted from mice, while it was always absent in non-melanoma samples. These characteristics of the measured ESR signal strongly suggested its connection with melanin. Quantitative analyses were then performed on paraffin-embedded human melanoma and nevus sections, and validated on an independent larger validation set, for a total of 112 sections (52 melanomas, 60 nevi). The ESR signal was significantly higher in melanomas (p=0.0002) and was significantly different between ‘‘Low Breslow’s and ‘‘High Breslow’s’’ depth melanomas (p,0.0001). A direct correlation between ESR signal and Breslow’s depth, expressed in millimetres, was found (R=0.57; p,0.0001). The eu/pheomelanin ratio was found to be significantly different in melanomas ‘‘Low Breslow’s’’ vs melanomas ‘‘High Breslow’s’’ depth and in nevi vs melanomas ‘‘High Breslow’s depth’’. Finally, ROC analysis using ESR data discriminated melanomas sections from nevi sections with up to 90% accuracy and p,0.0002. In the present study we report for the first time that ESR signal in human paraffin-embedded nevi is significantly lower than signal in human melanomas suggesting that spectrum variations may be related to qualitative melanin differences specifically occurring in melanoma cells. We therefore conclude that this ESR signal may represent a reliable marker for melanoma diagnosis in human histological sections.

An endogenous electron spin resonance (ESR) signal discriminates nevi from melanomas in human specimens: a step forward in its diagnostic application

D'ERRICO, GERARDINO;VITIELLO, GIUSEPPE;
2012

Abstract

Given the specific melanin-associated paramagnetic features, the Electron Spin Resonance (ESR, called also Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, EPR) analysis has been proposed as a potential tool for non-invasive melanoma diagnosis. However, studies comparing human melanoma tissues to the most appropriate physiological counterpart (nevi) have not been performed, and ESR direct correlation with melanoma clinical features has never been investigated. ESR spectrum was obtained from melanoma and non-melanoma cell-cultures as well as mouse melanoma and non-melanoma tissues and an endogenous ESR signal (g = 2.005) was found in human melanoma cells and in primary melanoma tissues explanted from mice, while it was always absent in non-melanoma samples. These characteristics of the measured ESR signal strongly suggested its connection with melanin. Quantitative analyses were then performed on paraffin-embedded human melanoma and nevus sections, and validated on an independent larger validation set, for a total of 112 sections (52 melanomas, 60 nevi). The ESR signal was significantly higher in melanomas (p=0.0002) and was significantly different between ‘‘Low Breslow’s and ‘‘High Breslow’s’’ depth melanomas (p,0.0001). A direct correlation between ESR signal and Breslow’s depth, expressed in millimetres, was found (R=0.57; p,0.0001). The eu/pheomelanin ratio was found to be significantly different in melanomas ‘‘Low Breslow’s’’ vs melanomas ‘‘High Breslow’s’’ depth and in nevi vs melanomas ‘‘High Breslow’s depth’’. Finally, ROC analysis using ESR data discriminated melanomas sections from nevi sections with up to 90% accuracy and p,0.0002. In the present study we report for the first time that ESR signal in human paraffin-embedded nevi is significantly lower than signal in human melanomas suggesting that spectrum variations may be related to qualitative melanin differences specifically occurring in melanoma cells. We therefore conclude that this ESR signal may represent a reliable marker for melanoma diagnosis in human histological sections.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/517814
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