Background:  Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a relapsing inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology and non-standardized treatment protocols. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical behaviour and long-term therapeutic response in OFG patients treated with intralesional triamcinolone acetonide (TA) injections alone or in combination with topical pimecrolimus 1%, as adjuvant, in those patients partially responders to TA. Methods:  We analysed data from 19 OFG patients followed-up for 7 years. Demographic characteristics, clinical behaviour and long-term therapeutic response were investigated. Results:  Eleven (57.9%) OFG patients treated with intralesional TA injections therapy reached first complete clinical remission in a mean time of 10 ± 2.2 (95% CI, 8.5-11.5) weeks, while eight (42.1%) patients, partially responders to intralesional TA injections, were treated with TA injections plus topical pimecrolimus 1%, as adjuvant, achieving complete clinical remission in a mean time of 29.8 ± 7.8 (95% CI, 23.2-36.3) weeks. Relapses occurred in four TA responder patients with a disease-free time of 35.8 ± 8.7 (95% CI, 21.9-46.4) weeks and in five patients treated with TA and topical pimecrolimus 1% with a disease-free time of 55.8 ± 18.5 (95% CI, 32.8-78.8) weeks. Patients were followed-up for a mean time of 56.3 ± 18.2 (95% CI, 47.6-65.1) months. At last control, all 19 patients were in complete clinical remission. Conclusion:  These preliminary data suggest that intralesional TA injections still represent a mainstay in the treatment of OFG. It is unclear the role of topical pimecrolimus, as adjuvant, in leading OFG patients, partly responders to intralesional TA injections, to a complete clinical remission.

Clinical behaviour and long-term therapeutic response in orofacial granulomatosispatients treated with intralesional triamcinolone acetonide injections alone orin combination with topical pimecrolimus 1%

MIGNOGNA, MICHELE DAVIDE;LEUCI, STEFANIA;
2012

Abstract

Background:  Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a relapsing inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology and non-standardized treatment protocols. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical behaviour and long-term therapeutic response in OFG patients treated with intralesional triamcinolone acetonide (TA) injections alone or in combination with topical pimecrolimus 1%, as adjuvant, in those patients partially responders to TA. Methods:  We analysed data from 19 OFG patients followed-up for 7 years. Demographic characteristics, clinical behaviour and long-term therapeutic response were investigated. Results:  Eleven (57.9%) OFG patients treated with intralesional TA injections therapy reached first complete clinical remission in a mean time of 10 ± 2.2 (95% CI, 8.5-11.5) weeks, while eight (42.1%) patients, partially responders to intralesional TA injections, were treated with TA injections plus topical pimecrolimus 1%, as adjuvant, achieving complete clinical remission in a mean time of 29.8 ± 7.8 (95% CI, 23.2-36.3) weeks. Relapses occurred in four TA responder patients with a disease-free time of 35.8 ± 8.7 (95% CI, 21.9-46.4) weeks and in five patients treated with TA and topical pimecrolimus 1% with a disease-free time of 55.8 ± 18.5 (95% CI, 32.8-78.8) weeks. Patients were followed-up for a mean time of 56.3 ± 18.2 (95% CI, 47.6-65.1) months. At last control, all 19 patients were in complete clinical remission. Conclusion:  These preliminary data suggest that intralesional TA injections still represent a mainstay in the treatment of OFG. It is unclear the role of topical pimecrolimus, as adjuvant, in leading OFG patients, partly responders to intralesional TA injections, to a complete clinical remission.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/516230
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