A hydrophobic and catalyticmembrane has been obtained by grafting with γ-radiations a Teflonmembrane in presence of methylmethacrylate solution and by immobilizing on it, after treatment with glutaraldehyde, the β-Galactosidase enzyme. When employed in a non-isothermal bioreactor, the membrane showed an increase in catalytic activity proportional to the applied temperature gradients. The results have been explained in terms of distinct contributions from the process of thermodialysis and the conformational changes induced in the dynamic structure of the enzyme by the presence of heat flow. The increase of the yield of the process has been evaluated in terms of a coefficient α representing the percent increase of enzyme activity when a temperature difference of 1°C is applied across the membrane. The catalyticTeflonmembrane used here gave values of 20%, which are comparable to those obtained with other membrane systems, making this kind of membrane useful for practical applications in industrial processes.

Non-isothermal bioreactors utilizing catalytic Teflon membranes / M. S., Mohy Eldin; DE MAIO, Anna; S., Di Martino; M., Portaccio; S., Stellato; U., Bencivenga; S., Rossi; M., Santucci; P., Canciglia; F. S., Gaeta; D. G., Mita. - In: JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE. - ISSN 0376-7388. - ELETTRONICO. - 146:(1998), pp. 237-248. [10.1016/S0376-7388(98)00112-4]

Non-isothermal bioreactors utilizing catalytic Teflon membranes

DE MAIO, ANNA;
1998

Abstract

A hydrophobic and catalyticmembrane has been obtained by grafting with γ-radiations a Teflonmembrane in presence of methylmethacrylate solution and by immobilizing on it, after treatment with glutaraldehyde, the β-Galactosidase enzyme. When employed in a non-isothermal bioreactor, the membrane showed an increase in catalytic activity proportional to the applied temperature gradients. The results have been explained in terms of distinct contributions from the process of thermodialysis and the conformational changes induced in the dynamic structure of the enzyme by the presence of heat flow. The increase of the yield of the process has been evaluated in terms of a coefficient α representing the percent increase of enzyme activity when a temperature difference of 1°C is applied across the membrane. The catalyticTeflonmembrane used here gave values of 20%, which are comparable to those obtained with other membrane systems, making this kind of membrane useful for practical applications in industrial processes.
1998
Non-isothermal bioreactors utilizing catalytic Teflon membranes / M. S., Mohy Eldin; DE MAIO, Anna; S., Di Martino; M., Portaccio; S., Stellato; U., Bencivenga; S., Rossi; M., Santucci; P., Canciglia; F. S., Gaeta; D. G., Mita. - In: JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE. - ISSN 0376-7388. - ELETTRONICO. - 146:(1998), pp. 237-248. [10.1016/S0376-7388(98)00112-4]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/509047
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