Eighty-three consecutive patients with 85 coronary total occlusions undergoing coronary angioplasty were retrospectively studied. Patients were divided into two groups according to the occlusion age that was < 30 days (subacute total occlusion [STO]: 25 patients; range 1-30 days) or > 30 days (chronic total occlusion [CTO]: 58 patients; range 3-144 months). All procedures were carried out using a hydrophilic guidewire. Clinical success, consisting of crossing the lesion, balloon dilatation, stent deployment without complications, was 96% in STO and 81% in CTO. Multiple stepwise logistic regression analysis identified a family history of coronary artery disease (CAD), left anterior descending and right coronary artery occlusions as independent predictors of a successful procedure. No major events occurred during or immediately after the angioplasty. After a mean follow-up of 24 +/- 2 months, no difference was found in survival or freedom from myocardial infarction or target vessel revascularization among the STO and CTO patients. Successful recanalization by using a hydrophilic guidewire was achieved in a high percentage of chronic total occlusions with a low incidence of complications and a satisfactory late clinical outcome. Family history of CAD and occlusion of left anterior descending or right coronary arteries are independent predictors of procedural success.
Immediate and long-term outcome of recanalization of chronic total coronary occlusions / Piscione, Federico; Galasso, Gennaro; Maione, Ag; Pisani, A; Golino, P; Leosco, Dario; Indolfi, C; Chiariello, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF INTERVENTIONAL CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 1540-8183. - STAMPA. - 15:3(2002), pp. 173-179.