Background An association between coeliac disease (CD) and functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) has at present only been demonstrated in adults. Aims To assess the prevalence of FGIDs at 1 year and the role of psychological aspects on the development of FGIDs in CD children. Methods One-hundred consecutive CD children (36M and 64F) were followed up for 1 year. Fifty-six children (25M and 31F) represented the control group. All children and ⁄ or their parents completed validated questionnaires for GI symptoms, depression, and anxiety. GI symptoms at diagnosis and after 1 year of gluten-free diet (GFD) were compared. Results Twenty-three ⁄ 82 (28%) CD patients followed up prospectively, on GFD from at least 1 year, fulfilled the Rome III criteria for FGIDs compared with 5 ⁄ 56 (8.9%) controls (P = 0.008; v2 = 6.8; OR: 3.97; 95% CI: 1.40– 11.21). Children complaining with GI symptoms alone [21 ⁄ 52 (40.3%)] more likely fulfilled Rome III criteria for FGIDs after 1 year of GFD than children with extra-intestinal symptoms (P = 0.045). CD children with FGDIs presented significantly higher anxiety and depression compared to CD children without FGIDs and controls (P = 0.02). Conclusions This study demonstrates that children with CD on a GFD for a year have a much higher prevalence of functional GI symptoms than do controls. Whether the risk is due to the residua of a chronic inflammatory process, and ⁄ or due to psychological factors remains to be further tested.

The association of coeliac disease in childhood with functionalgastrointestinal disorders: a prospective study in patientsfulfilling Rome III criteria

MIELE, ERASMO;QUITADAMO, PAOLO;AURICCHIO, RENATA;STAIANO, ANNAMARIA
2011

Abstract

Background An association between coeliac disease (CD) and functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) has at present only been demonstrated in adults. Aims To assess the prevalence of FGIDs at 1 year and the role of psychological aspects on the development of FGIDs in CD children. Methods One-hundred consecutive CD children (36M and 64F) were followed up for 1 year. Fifty-six children (25M and 31F) represented the control group. All children and ⁄ or their parents completed validated questionnaires for GI symptoms, depression, and anxiety. GI symptoms at diagnosis and after 1 year of gluten-free diet (GFD) were compared. Results Twenty-three ⁄ 82 (28%) CD patients followed up prospectively, on GFD from at least 1 year, fulfilled the Rome III criteria for FGIDs compared with 5 ⁄ 56 (8.9%) controls (P = 0.008; v2 = 6.8; OR: 3.97; 95% CI: 1.40– 11.21). Children complaining with GI symptoms alone [21 ⁄ 52 (40.3%)] more likely fulfilled Rome III criteria for FGIDs after 1 year of GFD than children with extra-intestinal symptoms (P = 0.045). CD children with FGDIs presented significantly higher anxiety and depression compared to CD children without FGIDs and controls (P = 0.02). Conclusions This study demonstrates that children with CD on a GFD for a year have a much higher prevalence of functional GI symptoms than do controls. Whether the risk is due to the residua of a chronic inflammatory process, and ⁄ or due to psychological factors remains to be further tested.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/485163
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