The sperm nuclear basic proteins (SNBPs) of the marine annelid worm Chaetopterus variopedatus have been shown previously to consist of a mixture of two SNBPs: histone H1-like (CvH1) and C.variopedatus protamine-like (CvPL). Here, we report the structural characterization of CvPL. The protein has a molecular weight of 8370.5 Da, a K/R ratio of 0.34, and a secondary structure, which are intermediate between those of protamine (P) and protamine-like (PL) SNBPs. The N-terminal sequence of CvPL shows a high extent of similarity with the arginine-rich C-terminal domain of chordate PL-type SNBPs. Furthermore, the protein binds to DNA in a similar fashion as vertebrate PLs and their own CvH1, but in a way that is different from that of the lysine-rich somatic H1 histones. We have experimentally determined the molar ratio CvH1:CvPL to be ∼1:6 in C. variopedatus sperm. Based on all of these, a model is proposed for the organization of the sperm chromatin by CvH1 and CvPL.

A Sperm Nuclear Basic Protein from the Sperm of the Marine Worm Chaetopterus variopedatus with Sequence Similarity to the Arginine-Rich C-Termini of Chordate Protamine-Likes.

FUCCI, LAURA;PISCOPO, MARINA
2012

Abstract

The sperm nuclear basic proteins (SNBPs) of the marine annelid worm Chaetopterus variopedatus have been shown previously to consist of a mixture of two SNBPs: histone H1-like (CvH1) and C.variopedatus protamine-like (CvPL). Here, we report the structural characterization of CvPL. The protein has a molecular weight of 8370.5 Da, a K/R ratio of 0.34, and a secondary structure, which are intermediate between those of protamine (P) and protamine-like (PL) SNBPs. The N-terminal sequence of CvPL shows a high extent of similarity with the arginine-rich C-terminal domain of chordate PL-type SNBPs. Furthermore, the protein binds to DNA in a similar fashion as vertebrate PLs and their own CvH1, but in a way that is different from that of the lysine-rich somatic H1 histones. We have experimentally determined the molar ratio CvH1:CvPL to be ∼1:6 in C. variopedatus sperm. Based on all of these, a model is proposed for the organization of the sperm chromatin by CvH1 and CvPL.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/480745
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