Measurements of osmotic coefficients, mutual diffusion coefficients, and conductivity were performed on the binary system sodium n-octyl sulfonate (C8SO3Na)-water at 25degreesC both below and above the micellar composition range. The osmotic coefficient data were obtained through vapor-pressure osmometry, while the Taylor dispersion method was used to measure diffusion coefficients. The mass equilibrium model was applied to this self-aggregating system, taking into account the deviation of the activity coefficients from the Debye-Huckel limiting law by using the Guggenheim corrective terms for mixed electrolyte solutions. The expressions derived from the model fit the experimental osmotic and diffusion coefficient data well, when the same values of aggregation number, fraction of condensed counterions, and equilibrium constant are used. Osmotic coefficients were also used to determine the thermodynamic factor required to compute the solute mobility from diffusion data. Conductivity data were used to test two theoretical models, namely, the Onsager-Fuoss and the Mean Spherical Approximation theories. Both models have been found to yield unsatisfactory fits to our experimental data and some arbitrary terms had to be applied to the theoretical expressions to obtain good agreement between experiment and theory.

Equilibrium and transport properties of sodium n-octyl sulfonate aqueous solutions

D'ERRICO, GERARDINO;PADUANO, LUIGI;
2003

Abstract

Measurements of osmotic coefficients, mutual diffusion coefficients, and conductivity were performed on the binary system sodium n-octyl sulfonate (C8SO3Na)-water at 25degreesC both below and above the micellar composition range. The osmotic coefficient data were obtained through vapor-pressure osmometry, while the Taylor dispersion method was used to measure diffusion coefficients. The mass equilibrium model was applied to this self-aggregating system, taking into account the deviation of the activity coefficients from the Debye-Huckel limiting law by using the Guggenheim corrective terms for mixed electrolyte solutions. The expressions derived from the model fit the experimental osmotic and diffusion coefficient data well, when the same values of aggregation number, fraction of condensed counterions, and equilibrium constant are used. Osmotic coefficients were also used to determine the thermodynamic factor required to compute the solute mobility from diffusion data. Conductivity data were used to test two theoretical models, namely, the Onsager-Fuoss and the Mean Spherical Approximation theories. Both models have been found to yield unsatisfactory fits to our experimental data and some arbitrary terms had to be applied to the theoretical expressions to obtain good agreement between experiment and theory.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/470406
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