A search for UHE gamma-rays from 13 candidate point sources observable in the northern hemisphere (the Crab Nebula and Pulsar, Cygnus X-3, Hercules X-1, Geminga and others) has been performed by the EAS-TOP array during four years of operation since January 1989 to December 1993, at different energy thresholds (E(0) = 30-300 TeV). DC, periodic and sporadic emissions have been studied, and no evidence for significant excesses has been found from any of these searches. The derived 90% c.l. upper limits to the d.c. flux, for a source culminating at the zenith such as Cygnus X-3, are Phi(E > 230 TeV) < 2 x 10(-14) cm(-2) s(-1), Phi(E > 90 TeV) < 4.1 x 10(-14) cm(-2) s(-1) and Phi(E > 25 TeV) < 1.9 x 10(-13) cm(-2) s(-1). The excess from the Crab Nebula of February 23, 1989, as reported by the EAS-TOP, Baksan and KGF arrays, remains the only sporadic excess detected with statistically significant confidence level (probability of background imitation approximate to 10(-5)).

Results On Candidate Uhe Gamma-ray Sources By the Eas-top Array (1989-1993)

D'ETTORRE PIAZZOLI, BENEDETTO;IACOVACCI, MICHELE;
1995

Abstract

A search for UHE gamma-rays from 13 candidate point sources observable in the northern hemisphere (the Crab Nebula and Pulsar, Cygnus X-3, Hercules X-1, Geminga and others) has been performed by the EAS-TOP array during four years of operation since January 1989 to December 1993, at different energy thresholds (E(0) = 30-300 TeV). DC, periodic and sporadic emissions have been studied, and no evidence for significant excesses has been found from any of these searches. The derived 90% c.l. upper limits to the d.c. flux, for a source culminating at the zenith such as Cygnus X-3, are Phi(E > 230 TeV) < 2 x 10(-14) cm(-2) s(-1), Phi(E > 90 TeV) < 4.1 x 10(-14) cm(-2) s(-1) and Phi(E > 25 TeV) < 1.9 x 10(-13) cm(-2) s(-1). The excess from the Crab Nebula of February 23, 1989, as reported by the EAS-TOP, Baksan and KGF arrays, remains the only sporadic excess detected with statistically significant confidence level (probability of background imitation approximate to 10(-5)).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/468712
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