Parasitoid foraging behaviour is known to be influenced by interactions of genetic, physiological, environmental and experiential factors. Although the role of genetics, learning and conditioning in determining responses to foraging cues has been studied in lepidopteran parasitoids, aphid parasitoids have been less intensively researched. Using the tritrophic system, Vicia faba - Acyrthosiphon pisum - Aphidius ervi, evidence for the role of genetics and learning in parasitoid foraging is presented, and the difficulty of differentiating between genetic responses and those conditioned during parasitoid development is discussed. Aphidius ervi responds to aphid sex pheromones both in the field and in the laboratory. Since laboratory reared individuals have never experienced sexual aphids, the response must be genetic as it cannot have been conditioned during development. An example of a response conditioned during development is the variable response of A. rhopalosiphi to different wheat cultivars depending upon host feeding. Aphid parasitoids also are adept at learning as shown by their responses to plant-derived cues which are learnt as Conditioned Stimuli (CS). Host products such as honeydew, as well as the host itself, can act as the Unconditioned Stimulus (US) in the learning process. Aphidius ervi offers a good model for investigating the role of these factors in parasitoid foraging behaviour. Finally, the value of such research for biological control programmes involving aphid parasitoids is discussed.

Aphid parasitoid responses to semiochemicals - Genetic, conditioned or learnt?

PENNACCHIO, FRANCESCO
1997

Abstract

Parasitoid foraging behaviour is known to be influenced by interactions of genetic, physiological, environmental and experiential factors. Although the role of genetics, learning and conditioning in determining responses to foraging cues has been studied in lepidopteran parasitoids, aphid parasitoids have been less intensively researched. Using the tritrophic system, Vicia faba - Acyrthosiphon pisum - Aphidius ervi, evidence for the role of genetics and learning in parasitoid foraging is presented, and the difficulty of differentiating between genetic responses and those conditioned during parasitoid development is discussed. Aphidius ervi responds to aphid sex pheromones both in the field and in the laboratory. Since laboratory reared individuals have never experienced sexual aphids, the response must be genetic as it cannot have been conditioned during development. An example of a response conditioned during development is the variable response of A. rhopalosiphi to different wheat cultivars depending upon host feeding. Aphid parasitoids also are adept at learning as shown by their responses to plant-derived cues which are learnt as Conditioned Stimuli (CS). Host products such as honeydew, as well as the host itself, can act as the Unconditioned Stimulus (US) in the learning process. Aphidius ervi offers a good model for investigating the role of these factors in parasitoid foraging behaviour. Finally, the value of such research for biological control programmes involving aphid parasitoids is discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/468143
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