Superconducting Tunnel Junctions are promising devices in next generation nuclear and optical detectors. Unfortunately, a number of relaxation processes in the number of initially produced excitations degrades the performances of such devices. In order to investigate the role of charge loss mechanisms in Nb and/or at the Nb/Si interface we have fabricated three terminal in-plane double tunnel junctions, in which quasi-particles are injected into a Nb common strip and detected at different distances by tunnel junctions. The detection efficiency eta decreases of about one order of magnitude from T = 4.2K to T = 1.2K for any injector-detector distance. The presence of charge trapping centers, activated at low temperatures, can qualitatively explain such a result. The estimation of the quasi-particle diffusion constant D = 28 + 5 cm(2)/s at T = 1.2 K is in agreement with other similar values reported in literature.

Injection-detection experiments to study diffusion processes in Nb film using a three terminal in-plane superconducting double-tunnel junctions

PARLATO, LOREDANA;PELUSO, GIUSEPPE;PEPE, GIOVANNI PIERO;
1998

Abstract

Superconducting Tunnel Junctions are promising devices in next generation nuclear and optical detectors. Unfortunately, a number of relaxation processes in the number of initially produced excitations degrades the performances of such devices. In order to investigate the role of charge loss mechanisms in Nb and/or at the Nb/Si interface we have fabricated three terminal in-plane double tunnel junctions, in which quasi-particles are injected into a Nb common strip and detected at different distances by tunnel junctions. The detection efficiency eta decreases of about one order of magnitude from T = 4.2K to T = 1.2K for any injector-detector distance. The presence of charge trapping centers, activated at low temperatures, can qualitatively explain such a result. The estimation of the quasi-particle diffusion constant D = 28 + 5 cm(2)/s at T = 1.2 K is in agreement with other similar values reported in literature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/467737
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