Introduction: Atrial remodelling, leading to atrial fibrillation (AF), is mediated by the renin.angiotensin.aldosterone system. Methods: Mild hypertensive outpatients (systolic/diastolic blood pressure 140.159/90.99 mmHg) in sinus rhythm who had experienced . 1 electrocardiogram (ECG)-documented AF episode in the previous six months received randomly telmisartan 80 mg/day or carvedilol 25 mg/day. Blood pressure and 24-hour ECG were monitored monthly for one year; patients were asked to report symptomatic AF episodes and to undergo an ECG as early as possible. Results: One hundred and thirty-two patients completed the study (telmisartan, n=70; carvedilol, n=62). Significantly fewer AF episodes were reported with telmisartan versus carvedilol (14.3% vs. 37.1%; p<0.003). Left atrial diameter, assessed by echocardiography, was similar with telmisartan and carvedilol (3.4 }2.3 cm vs. 3.6 }2.4 cm). At study end, both regimes significantly reduced mean left ventricular mass index, but the reduction obtained with telmisartan was significantly greater than with carvedilol (117.8 }10.7 vs. 124.7 }14.5; p<0.0001). Mean blood pressure values were not significantly different between the groups (telmisartan 154/97 to 123/75 mmHg; p<0.001; carvedilol 153/94 to 125/78 mmHg; p<0.001). Conclusions: Telmisartan was significantly more effective than carvedilol in preventing recurrent AF episodes in hypertensive AF patients, despite a similar lowering of blood pressure. © The Author(s) 2012.

A multicentre, randomized study of telmisartan versus carvedilol for prevention of atrial fibrillation recurrence in hypertensive patients.

CITTADINI, ANTONIO;
2012

Abstract

Introduction: Atrial remodelling, leading to atrial fibrillation (AF), is mediated by the renin.angiotensin.aldosterone system. Methods: Mild hypertensive outpatients (systolic/diastolic blood pressure 140.159/90.99 mmHg) in sinus rhythm who had experienced . 1 electrocardiogram (ECG)-documented AF episode in the previous six months received randomly telmisartan 80 mg/day or carvedilol 25 mg/day. Blood pressure and 24-hour ECG were monitored monthly for one year; patients were asked to report symptomatic AF episodes and to undergo an ECG as early as possible. Results: One hundred and thirty-two patients completed the study (telmisartan, n=70; carvedilol, n=62). Significantly fewer AF episodes were reported with telmisartan versus carvedilol (14.3% vs. 37.1%; p<0.003). Left atrial diameter, assessed by echocardiography, was similar with telmisartan and carvedilol (3.4 }2.3 cm vs. 3.6 }2.4 cm). At study end, both regimes significantly reduced mean left ventricular mass index, but the reduction obtained with telmisartan was significantly greater than with carvedilol (117.8 }10.7 vs. 124.7 }14.5; p<0.0001). Mean blood pressure values were not significantly different between the groups (telmisartan 154/97 to 123/75 mmHg; p<0.001; carvedilol 153/94 to 125/78 mmHg; p<0.001). Conclusions: Telmisartan was significantly more effective than carvedilol in preventing recurrent AF episodes in hypertensive AF patients, despite a similar lowering of blood pressure. © The Author(s) 2012.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/467475
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