In L6 muscle cells expressing the Arg1152 --> Gln insulin receptor (Mut), basal tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 was increased by 35% compared with wild-type cells (WT). Upon exposure to insulin, IRS-1 phosphorylation increased by 12-fold in both the Mut and WT cells. IRS-2 was constitutively phosphorylated in Mut cells and not further phosphorylated by insulin. The maximal phosphorylation of IRS-2 in basal Mut cells was paralleled by a 4-fold increased binding of the kinase regulatory loop binding domain of IRS-2 to the Arg1152 --> Gln receptor. Grb2 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase association to IRS-1 and IRS-2 reflected the phosphorylation levels of the two IRSs. Mitogen-activated protein kinase activation and [3H]thymidine incorporation closely correlated with IRS-1 phosphorylation in Mut and WT cells, while glycogen synthesis and synthase activity correlated with IRS-2 phosphorylation. The Arg1152 --> Gln mutant did not signal Shc phosphorylation or Shc-Grb2 association in intact L6 cells, while binding Shc in a yeast two-hybrid system and phosphorylating Shc in vitro. Thus, IRS-2 appears to mediate insulin regulation of glucose storage in Mut cells, while insulin-stimulated mitogenesis correlates with the activation of the IRS-1/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in these cells. IRS-1 and Shc-mediated mitogenesis may be redundant in muscle cells.

Differential role of insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 and IRS-2 in L6 skeletal muscle cells expressing the Arg1152 --> Gln insulin receptor.

AURICCHIO, RENATA;ORIENTE, FRANCESCO;FORMISANO, PIETRO;CONDORELLI, GEROLAMA;BEGUINOT, FRANCESCO
1999

Abstract

In L6 muscle cells expressing the Arg1152 --> Gln insulin receptor (Mut), basal tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 was increased by 35% compared with wild-type cells (WT). Upon exposure to insulin, IRS-1 phosphorylation increased by 12-fold in both the Mut and WT cells. IRS-2 was constitutively phosphorylated in Mut cells and not further phosphorylated by insulin. The maximal phosphorylation of IRS-2 in basal Mut cells was paralleled by a 4-fold increased binding of the kinase regulatory loop binding domain of IRS-2 to the Arg1152 --> Gln receptor. Grb2 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase association to IRS-1 and IRS-2 reflected the phosphorylation levels of the two IRSs. Mitogen-activated protein kinase activation and [3H]thymidine incorporation closely correlated with IRS-1 phosphorylation in Mut and WT cells, while glycogen synthesis and synthase activity correlated with IRS-2 phosphorylation. The Arg1152 --> Gln mutant did not signal Shc phosphorylation or Shc-Grb2 association in intact L6 cells, while binding Shc in a yeast two-hybrid system and phosphorylating Shc in vitro. Thus, IRS-2 appears to mediate insulin regulation of glucose storage in Mut cells, while insulin-stimulated mitogenesis correlates with the activation of the IRS-1/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in these cells. IRS-1 and Shc-mediated mitogenesis may be redundant in muscle cells.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/465361
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 36
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 33
social impact