A series of thiazolidinones related to loperamide was synthesized and evaluated for antidiarrhoeal activity in mice, using the castor oil test. Of five compounds tested, antidiarrhoeal activity was found only for 2-(p-nitrophenyl)-3-¿3-[(4-(p-chlorophenyl)-4-hydroxy)piperidino]ethyl¿- 1,3-thiazolidin-4-one. The compound was less active than loperamide (ED50 values = 48.7 (24.8-95.6) and 0.91 (0.24-3.40) mg kg-1 respectively), but was also less toxic (LD50 values = 745.9 (545.2-929.8) and 108.9 (85.5-138.7) mg kg-1, respectively). Its antidiarrhoeal activity was counteracted by naloxone. Our results support the hypothesis that this compound, like loperamide, is an opiate-receptor agonist.

Antidiarrhoeal activity of new thiazolidinones related to loperamide.

DIURNO, MARIA VITTORIA;IZZO, ANGELO ANTONIO;MAZZONI, ORAZIO;BOLOGNESE, ADELE;CAPASSO, FRANCESCO
1996

Abstract

A series of thiazolidinones related to loperamide was synthesized and evaluated for antidiarrhoeal activity in mice, using the castor oil test. Of five compounds tested, antidiarrhoeal activity was found only for 2-(p-nitrophenyl)-3-¿3-[(4-(p-chlorophenyl)-4-hydroxy)piperidino]ethyl¿- 1,3-thiazolidin-4-one. The compound was less active than loperamide (ED50 values = 48.7 (24.8-95.6) and 0.91 (0.24-3.40) mg kg-1 respectively), but was also less toxic (LD50 values = 745.9 (545.2-929.8) and 108.9 (85.5-138.7) mg kg-1, respectively). Its antidiarrhoeal activity was counteracted by naloxone. Our results support the hypothesis that this compound, like loperamide, is an opiate-receptor agonist.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/460272
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