Context:We have previously demonstrated that a set of micro-RNA (miRNA) is significantly down-regulated in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas with respect to normal thyroid tissues and to differentiated thyroid carcinomas.Objective:The objective was to evaluate the role of two of these down-regulated miRNA, miR-25 and miR-30d, in thyroid carcinogenesis.Design:miR-25 and miR-30d expression was restored in the ACT-1, 8505c, and FRO anaplastic thyroid cell lines, and their effects on cell proliferation, migration, and target expression were evaluated.Results:We report that miR-25 and miR-30d target the polycomb protein enhancer of zeste 2 (EZH2) that has oncogenic activity and is drastically up-regulated in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas but not in the differentiated ones. Ectopic expression of miR-25 and miR-30d inhibited proliferation and colony formation of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells by inducing G2/M-phase cell-cycle arrest. Finally, we found an inverse correlation between the expression of these miRNA and the EZH2 protein levels in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas, suggesting a critical role of these miRNA in regulating EZH2 expression also in vivo.Conclusion:The down-regulation of miR-25 and miR-30d could contribute to the process of thyroid cancer progression, leading to the development of anaplastic carcinomas targeting EZH2 mRNA.

Down-Regulation of the miR-25 and miR-30d Contributes to the Development of Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma Targeting the Polycomb Protein EZH2.

TORNINCASA, MARA;PALLANTE, PIERLORENZO;PIERANTONI, GIOVANNA MARIA;FUSCO, ALFREDO
2012

Abstract

Context:We have previously demonstrated that a set of micro-RNA (miRNA) is significantly down-regulated in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas with respect to normal thyroid tissues and to differentiated thyroid carcinomas.Objective:The objective was to evaluate the role of two of these down-regulated miRNA, miR-25 and miR-30d, in thyroid carcinogenesis.Design:miR-25 and miR-30d expression was restored in the ACT-1, 8505c, and FRO anaplastic thyroid cell lines, and their effects on cell proliferation, migration, and target expression were evaluated.Results:We report that miR-25 and miR-30d target the polycomb protein enhancer of zeste 2 (EZH2) that has oncogenic activity and is drastically up-regulated in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas but not in the differentiated ones. Ectopic expression of miR-25 and miR-30d inhibited proliferation and colony formation of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cells by inducing G2/M-phase cell-cycle arrest. Finally, we found an inverse correlation between the expression of these miRNA and the EZH2 protein levels in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas, suggesting a critical role of these miRNA in regulating EZH2 expression also in vivo.Conclusion:The down-regulation of miR-25 and miR-30d could contribute to the process of thyroid cancer progression, leading to the development of anaplastic carcinomas targeting EZH2 mRNA.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/433700
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 93
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 89
social impact