The localization of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(kip1) is dependent on the phosphorylation of one of three key amino acid residues: S10, T157 and T198. However, it was unclear whether endogenous p27(kip1) is phosphorylated at T198 in the living cell. In the present work we describe the generation and characterization of a polyclonal antibody able to recognize recombinant, transfected as well as endogenous T198-phosphorylated p27(kip1). Using this antibody, we demonstrate that: (1) endogenous p27(kip1) is phosphorylated at T198 in 4 breast cancer cells lines (MCF7, MDA-MB231, MDA- MB436 and MDA-MB468); (2) T198 phosphorylation is increased in breast cancer cells compared with normal mammary epithelial cells (HMEC); (3) T198-phosphorylated p27(kip1) is exclusively cytoplasmic; (4) T198 phosphorylation is dependent on the activity of the PI3K-PKB/Akt pathway, being it drastically reduced by the pharmacological PI3K inhibitor LY294002 or stimulated by the constitutive activation of PKB/Akt. Finally, in primary human breast carcinomas, cytoplasmic accumulation of T198-phosphorylated p27(kip1) parallels Akt activation. We conclude that in breast cancer cells p27(kip1) is phosphorylated at T198 in a PI3K/Akt dependent manner and that this phosphorylation may contribute to p27(kip1) cytoplasmic mislocalization observed in breast cancer.

Akt-dependent T198 phosphorylation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27kip1 in breast cancer / Motti, M. L.; DE MARCO, Carmela; Califano, D.; Fusco, Alfredo; Viglietto, G.. - In: CELL CYCLE. - ISSN 1538-4101. - ELETTRONICO. - 3:8(2004), pp. 1074-1080. [10.4161/cc.3.8.1073]

Akt-dependent T198 phosphorylation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27kip1 in breast cancer

DE MARCO, CARMELA;FUSCO, ALFREDO;
2004

Abstract

The localization of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(kip1) is dependent on the phosphorylation of one of three key amino acid residues: S10, T157 and T198. However, it was unclear whether endogenous p27(kip1) is phosphorylated at T198 in the living cell. In the present work we describe the generation and characterization of a polyclonal antibody able to recognize recombinant, transfected as well as endogenous T198-phosphorylated p27(kip1). Using this antibody, we demonstrate that: (1) endogenous p27(kip1) is phosphorylated at T198 in 4 breast cancer cells lines (MCF7, MDA-MB231, MDA- MB436 and MDA-MB468); (2) T198 phosphorylation is increased in breast cancer cells compared with normal mammary epithelial cells (HMEC); (3) T198-phosphorylated p27(kip1) is exclusively cytoplasmic; (4) T198 phosphorylation is dependent on the activity of the PI3K-PKB/Akt pathway, being it drastically reduced by the pharmacological PI3K inhibitor LY294002 or stimulated by the constitutive activation of PKB/Akt. Finally, in primary human breast carcinomas, cytoplasmic accumulation of T198-phosphorylated p27(kip1) parallels Akt activation. We conclude that in breast cancer cells p27(kip1) is phosphorylated at T198 in a PI3K/Akt dependent manner and that this phosphorylation may contribute to p27(kip1) cytoplasmic mislocalization observed in breast cancer.
2004
Akt-dependent T198 phosphorylation of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27kip1 in breast cancer / Motti, M. L.; DE MARCO, Carmela; Califano, D.; Fusco, Alfredo; Viglietto, G.. - In: CELL CYCLE. - ISSN 1538-4101. - ELETTRONICO. - 3:8(2004), pp. 1074-1080. [10.4161/cc.3.8.1073]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/423555
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 28
  • Scopus 61
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 65
social impact