Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has a positive effect on stroke free survival in patients with either symptomatic or asymptomatic severe carotid bifurcation stenosis. However, most trials have excluded elder patients. In addition, concerns have arisen regarding the benefits of CEA in the elderly population, especially in women. In this study, we performed an outcome analysis in patients undergoing CEA comparing those eighty and older to their younger counterparts. A total of 262 carotid operations were performed under local anaesthesia between 1998 and 2004; 76 (34%) were carotid reconstructions in 70 patients over 75 yr of age. Twenty patients (26%) presented with asymptomatic critical stenosis. Transient ischemic symptoms were the reason for presentation in 35 patients (46%). Progressive stroke was documented in two patients (3%) and a stroke with persisting neurological deficit was demonstrated in 19 cases (25%). Coronary artery disease was present in 47 patients (38%) and arterial hypertension in 55 (72%). Fifty-nine patients (84%) were classified as ASA group 3. Seventy-one thromboendarterectomies of the carotid bifurcation with direct closure were performed. Five patients had other types of reconstruction. Postoperative complications occurred in three patients. One had a transient neurological deficit and another a lethal stroke; the third patient died from myocardial infarction. The in-hospital mortality was 2.9%, which was not significantly higher than the results of the reconstructions in younger patients (1.5%). Surgery for carotid artery occlusive disease under local anaesthesia can be safely performed in selected patients of more than 75 yr of age.

Carotid endarterectomy under local anesthesia in elderly: is it worthwhile?

AMATO, BRUNO;S. Masone;
2005

Abstract

Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has a positive effect on stroke free survival in patients with either symptomatic or asymptomatic severe carotid bifurcation stenosis. However, most trials have excluded elder patients. In addition, concerns have arisen regarding the benefits of CEA in the elderly population, especially in women. In this study, we performed an outcome analysis in patients undergoing CEA comparing those eighty and older to their younger counterparts. A total of 262 carotid operations were performed under local anaesthesia between 1998 and 2004; 76 (34%) were carotid reconstructions in 70 patients over 75 yr of age. Twenty patients (26%) presented with asymptomatic critical stenosis. Transient ischemic symptoms were the reason for presentation in 35 patients (46%). Progressive stroke was documented in two patients (3%) and a stroke with persisting neurological deficit was demonstrated in 19 cases (25%). Coronary artery disease was present in 47 patients (38%) and arterial hypertension in 55 (72%). Fifty-nine patients (84%) were classified as ASA group 3. Seventy-one thromboendarterectomies of the carotid bifurcation with direct closure were performed. Five patients had other types of reconstruction. Postoperative complications occurred in three patients. One had a transient neurological deficit and another a lethal stroke; the third patient died from myocardial infarction. The in-hospital mortality was 2.9%, which was not significantly higher than the results of the reconstructions in younger patients (1.5%). Surgery for carotid artery occlusive disease under local anaesthesia can be safely performed in selected patients of more than 75 yr of age.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/423216
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