Cryopreservation of gametes is an important tool in assisted reproduction programs to optimize captive breeding programmes of selected felid species. In this study the vitrification was evaluated in order to cryopreserve the immature domestic cat oocytes by assessing the survival of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC), and the development competence after IVM and IVF by fresh cat epididymal sperms. From a total of 892 COC obtained from queens after ovariectomy were divided into two groups: experiment 1 for viability evaluation (150 vitrified and 100 control COC) and experiment 2 for assessing the developmental competence (414 vitrified and 228 control COC). The viability was evaluated by double staining with carboxyfluorescein and Trypan-blue, while the developmental competence was evaluated by in vitro maturation (IVM), in vitro fertilization (IVF) by fresh epididymal spermatozoa and in vitro culture (IVC). The vitrification was performed in OPS into sucrose medium (1 M sucrose in HSOF + 6% BSA) containing dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) (16.5% final concentration) and ethylene glycol (EG) (16.5% final concentration) as cryoprotectants. Percentage of nonviable COC was significantly higher in experimental 1 vs control 1 (11% vs 54.5 %; P < 0.01), while cleavage rate were significantly lower for vitrified oocytes (experimental 2) than control 2 (18.6% vs 48.2%; P < 0.01). Blastocyst rate on day 8 was higher for control oocytes than vitrified counterparts (4.3% vs 20.6 % P < 0.01). This vitrification protocol ensured a development to blasticyst stage and it is the first report of development of vitrified GV COC.

Immature cat oocyte vitrification in open pulled straws (OPSs) using a cryoprotectant mixture

COCCHIA, NATASCIA;Ciani F.;Russo M.;TORTORA, GENNARO;LORIZIO, ROBERTO
2010

Abstract

Cryopreservation of gametes is an important tool in assisted reproduction programs to optimize captive breeding programmes of selected felid species. In this study the vitrification was evaluated in order to cryopreserve the immature domestic cat oocytes by assessing the survival of cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC), and the development competence after IVM and IVF by fresh cat epididymal sperms. From a total of 892 COC obtained from queens after ovariectomy were divided into two groups: experiment 1 for viability evaluation (150 vitrified and 100 control COC) and experiment 2 for assessing the developmental competence (414 vitrified and 228 control COC). The viability was evaluated by double staining with carboxyfluorescein and Trypan-blue, while the developmental competence was evaluated by in vitro maturation (IVM), in vitro fertilization (IVF) by fresh epididymal spermatozoa and in vitro culture (IVC). The vitrification was performed in OPS into sucrose medium (1 M sucrose in HSOF + 6% BSA) containing dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) (16.5% final concentration) and ethylene glycol (EG) (16.5% final concentration) as cryoprotectants. Percentage of nonviable COC was significantly higher in experimental 1 vs control 1 (11% vs 54.5 %; P < 0.01), while cleavage rate were significantly lower for vitrified oocytes (experimental 2) than control 2 (18.6% vs 48.2%; P < 0.01). Blastocyst rate on day 8 was higher for control oocytes than vitrified counterparts (4.3% vs 20.6 % P < 0.01). This vitrification protocol ensured a development to blasticyst stage and it is the first report of development of vitrified GV COC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/417341
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