In order to determine the ability of bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) to suppress apoptosis, we examined the effects of BHV-1 infection on sorbitol-induced apoptosis on Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells. BHV-1 suppresses sorbitol-induced apoptosis in a manner similar to that of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), indicating that BHV-1 has one or more anti-apoptotic genes. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of apoptosis, expression of some genes encoding apoptosis-inhibiting and -promoting factors were analyzed on BHV-1 infected cells during the process of sorbitol-induced apoptosis. Our results revealed that the expression of bcl-2 and bcl-x(L) decreased after 5 and 3 h p.i., respectively; while bax and procaspase-3 expression increased with respect to control as a function of p.i. times and at 7 h p.i. they were not observed. We further show that the expression of p53 gene was also enhanced, suggesting that this apoptotic mechanism is p53 dependent. From these results, we propose that BHV-1 has one or more genes encoding apoptosis-inhibiting factors which interfere with the involvement of bcl-2 gene family members and apoptotic pathway, depending upon caspase-3, triggered by sorbitol.

Interference of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) in sorbitol-Induced apoptosis.

DE MARTINO, LUISA;PAGNINI, UGO;FLORIO, SALVATORE;IOVANE, GIUSEPPE;
2003

Abstract

In order to determine the ability of bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BHV-1) to suppress apoptosis, we examined the effects of BHV-1 infection on sorbitol-induced apoptosis on Madin-Darby bovine kidney (MDBK) cells. BHV-1 suppresses sorbitol-induced apoptosis in a manner similar to that of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), indicating that BHV-1 has one or more anti-apoptotic genes. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of apoptosis, expression of some genes encoding apoptosis-inhibiting and -promoting factors were analyzed on BHV-1 infected cells during the process of sorbitol-induced apoptosis. Our results revealed that the expression of bcl-2 and bcl-x(L) decreased after 5 and 3 h p.i., respectively; while bax and procaspase-3 expression increased with respect to control as a function of p.i. times and at 7 h p.i. they were not observed. We further show that the expression of p53 gene was also enhanced, suggesting that this apoptotic mechanism is p53 dependent. From these results, we propose that BHV-1 has one or more genes encoding apoptosis-inhibiting factors which interfere with the involvement of bcl-2 gene family members and apoptotic pathway, depending upon caspase-3, triggered by sorbitol.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/379332
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