BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system may be involved in neurodegenerative processes, and some abnormalities have been reported in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Our aim was to investigate the GH-IGF axis in patients with ALS and evaluate correlations between this endocrine system and clinical features. METHODS: Serum levels of GH, IGF-I, IGF-II, insulin, IGF-binding protein 1 (IGF-BP1), and IGF-binding protein 3 (IGF-BP3) were measured in 25 patients with ALS and 25 age-, gender-, and BMI-matched healthy controls. A GHRH plus arginine test was performed in patients and controls. Clinical status of patients was evaluated with the ALS Functional Rating Scale - Revised (ALSFRS-R) and upper motor neuron (UMN) score. RESULTS: GHRH plus arginine test showed GH deficiency (GHD) in 13 (52%) patients with ALS; severe GHD was found in 6 (24%) and partial GHD in 7 (28%) patients. IGF-I levels were significantly higher in patients with ALS than in healthy controls (182.9 +/- 90.8 vs. 139.4 +/- 58.1 ng/ml; P = 0.015). IGF-I levels were higher in patients with ALS with UMN score >10 than those with UMN score <10 (217.8 +/- 100.8 vs. 155.5 +/- 74.6 ng/ml, P = 0.05). IGF-II levels were significantly lower in patients with ALS than in healthy controls (720.9 +/- 215 vs. 1001.9 +/- 475.4 ng/ml; P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate an impairment of the GH-IGFs system in ALS. The degenerative process in ALS might lead to a compensatory increase in IGF-I in an attempt to provide additional support to motor neurons or degenerating muscle fibers. The decrease in IGF-II levels may also be of pathological significance.

The GH-IGF system in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: correlations between pituitary GH secretion capacity, insulin-like growth factors and clinical features.

PIVONELLO, ROSARIO;LONGO, KATIA;PIVONELLO, CLAUDIA;COLAO, ANNAMARIA;
2010

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system may be involved in neurodegenerative processes, and some abnormalities have been reported in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Our aim was to investigate the GH-IGF axis in patients with ALS and evaluate correlations between this endocrine system and clinical features. METHODS: Serum levels of GH, IGF-I, IGF-II, insulin, IGF-binding protein 1 (IGF-BP1), and IGF-binding protein 3 (IGF-BP3) were measured in 25 patients with ALS and 25 age-, gender-, and BMI-matched healthy controls. A GHRH plus arginine test was performed in patients and controls. Clinical status of patients was evaluated with the ALS Functional Rating Scale - Revised (ALSFRS-R) and upper motor neuron (UMN) score. RESULTS: GHRH plus arginine test showed GH deficiency (GHD) in 13 (52%) patients with ALS; severe GHD was found in 6 (24%) and partial GHD in 7 (28%) patients. IGF-I levels were significantly higher in patients with ALS than in healthy controls (182.9 +/- 90.8 vs. 139.4 +/- 58.1 ng/ml; P = 0.015). IGF-I levels were higher in patients with ALS with UMN score >10 than those with UMN score <10 (217.8 +/- 100.8 vs. 155.5 +/- 74.6 ng/ml, P = 0.05). IGF-II levels were significantly lower in patients with ALS than in healthy controls (720.9 +/- 215 vs. 1001.9 +/- 475.4 ng/ml; P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate an impairment of the GH-IGFs system in ALS. The degenerative process in ALS might lead to a compensatory increase in IGF-I in an attempt to provide additional support to motor neurons or degenerating muscle fibers. The decrease in IGF-II levels may also be of pathological significance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/378185
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