Depletion of the periciliary liquid in "Cystic Fibrosis" airway disease results in reduced mucociliary transport, persistent mucus hypersecretion and consequently increased height of the luminal mucus layer, so hypoxic gradients in the mucus plugs are developed. Because of anaerobic lung zones, it is highly probable that anaerobic bacteria not detected by routine bacteriologic culture methods also reside within the mucus. Notwithstanding this evidence, microbiology laboratories working in the cystic fibrosis field do not generally use strict anaerobic bacteriologic cultures to determine the presence of anaerobic bacteria in the Cystic Fibrosis lung. The aim of this review is to focus on the published data regarding the finding of anaerobic bacteria in cystic fibrosis airway disease. Therefore, microbiology, diagnosis, antimicrobial susceptibility and possible impact on clinical management of anaerobic bacteria lung infection in cystic fibrosis are described.

Anaerobic bacteria infection in cystic fibrosis airway disease.

LAMBIASE, ANTONIETTA;CATANIA, MARIA ROSARIA;ROSSANO, FABIO
2010

Abstract

Depletion of the periciliary liquid in "Cystic Fibrosis" airway disease results in reduced mucociliary transport, persistent mucus hypersecretion and consequently increased height of the luminal mucus layer, so hypoxic gradients in the mucus plugs are developed. Because of anaerobic lung zones, it is highly probable that anaerobic bacteria not detected by routine bacteriologic culture methods also reside within the mucus. Notwithstanding this evidence, microbiology laboratories working in the cystic fibrosis field do not generally use strict anaerobic bacteriologic cultures to determine the presence of anaerobic bacteria in the Cystic Fibrosis lung. The aim of this review is to focus on the published data regarding the finding of anaerobic bacteria in cystic fibrosis airway disease. Therefore, microbiology, diagnosis, antimicrobial susceptibility and possible impact on clinical management of anaerobic bacteria lung infection in cystic fibrosis are described.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/372422
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