The human formyl-peptide receptor (FPR) and its variants FPRL1 and FPRL2 belong to the G-protein coupled seven transmembrane receptor (GPCR) family sensitive to pertussis toxin. FPR and FPRL1 were first detected in phagocytic leukocytes, and FPRL2 was found in monocytes and in dendritic cells. The three receptors were subsequently identified in other cell types or tissues, including neuronal cells and brain, where FPR and FPRL1 play a key role in angiogenesis, cell proliferation, protection against and cell death, as well as in neuroendocrine functions. Binding of different agonists to FPRs triggers several signaling pathways, activates NFkB and STAT3 transcriptional factors and induces the accumulation of the CDK inhibitors p21waf1/cip1, p16INK4 and p27kip1. Signaling molecules, such as ERKs, JNK, PKC, p38MAPK, PLC and PLD are involved in these intracellular cascades. In this article we briefly review FPRs expression and signaling in neuronal cells.

Expression and signaling of Formyl-Petide Receptors in the brain

CATTANEO, FABIO;GUERRA, GERMANO;AMMENDOLA, ROSARIO
2010

Abstract

The human formyl-peptide receptor (FPR) and its variants FPRL1 and FPRL2 belong to the G-protein coupled seven transmembrane receptor (GPCR) family sensitive to pertussis toxin. FPR and FPRL1 were first detected in phagocytic leukocytes, and FPRL2 was found in monocytes and in dendritic cells. The three receptors were subsequently identified in other cell types or tissues, including neuronal cells and brain, where FPR and FPRL1 play a key role in angiogenesis, cell proliferation, protection against and cell death, as well as in neuroendocrine functions. Binding of different agonists to FPRs triggers several signaling pathways, activates NFkB and STAT3 transcriptional factors and induces the accumulation of the CDK inhibitors p21waf1/cip1, p16INK4 and p27kip1. Signaling molecules, such as ERKs, JNK, PKC, p38MAPK, PLC and PLD are involved in these intracellular cascades. In this article we briefly review FPRs expression and signaling in neuronal cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/372201
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