Tight control of p63 protein levels must be achieved under differentiation or apoptotic conditions. Here, we describe a new regulatory pathway for the DeltaNp63 alpha protein. We found that MDM2 binds DeltaNp63 alpha in the nucleus promoting its translocation to the cytoplasm. The MDM2 nuclear localization signal is required for Delt Np63 alpha nuclear export and subsequent degradation, whereas the MDM2 ring-finger domain is dispensable. Once exported to the cytoplasm by MDM2, p63 is targeted for degradation by the Fbw7 E3-ubiquitin ligase. Efficient degradation of Delta Np63 alpha by Fbw7 (also known as FBXW7) requires GSK3 kinase activity. By deletion and point mutations analysis we have identified a phosphodegron located in the alpha and beta tail of p63 that is required for degradation. Furthermore, we show that MDM2 or Fbw7 depletion inhibits degradation of endogenous DeltaNp63 alpha in cells exposed to UV irradiation, adriamycin and upon keratinocyte differentiation. Our findings suggest that following DNA damage and cellular differentiation MDM2 and Fbw7 can cooperate to regulate the levels of the pro-proliferative DeltaNp63 alpha protein.

MDM2 and Fbw7 cooperate to induce p63 protein degradation following DNA damage and cell differentiation.

CALABRO', VIOLA;LA MANTIA, GIROLAMA;
2010

Abstract

Tight control of p63 protein levels must be achieved under differentiation or apoptotic conditions. Here, we describe a new regulatory pathway for the DeltaNp63 alpha protein. We found that MDM2 binds DeltaNp63 alpha in the nucleus promoting its translocation to the cytoplasm. The MDM2 nuclear localization signal is required for Delt Np63 alpha nuclear export and subsequent degradation, whereas the MDM2 ring-finger domain is dispensable. Once exported to the cytoplasm by MDM2, p63 is targeted for degradation by the Fbw7 E3-ubiquitin ligase. Efficient degradation of Delta Np63 alpha by Fbw7 (also known as FBXW7) requires GSK3 kinase activity. By deletion and point mutations analysis we have identified a phosphodegron located in the alpha and beta tail of p63 that is required for degradation. Furthermore, we show that MDM2 or Fbw7 depletion inhibits degradation of endogenous DeltaNp63 alpha in cells exposed to UV irradiation, adriamycin and upon keratinocyte differentiation. Our findings suggest that following DNA damage and cellular differentiation MDM2 and Fbw7 can cooperate to regulate the levels of the pro-proliferative DeltaNp63 alpha protein.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/372047
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