OBJECTIVE: Noninvasive in vivo imaging of human tumors implanted in mice provides a reliable and economic tool for the investigation of tumor progression and metastasis and of the effectiveness of the antiblastic drugs on them. The purpose of this study is to report on the performance achievable by the well-known and extensively investigated HP-FRI (HematoPorphyrin (HP)-mediated Fluorescence Reflectance Imaging) when a high-quality image-acquisition device is used. BACKGROUND DATA: Previous articles of ours showed that HP-FRI still represents a useful, simple and reliable optical imaging technique to detect surface tumors. Therefore, it is particularly suitable to be used in combination with other imaging modalities in a multimodal imaging system endowed with diagnostic capabilities much better than each separate modality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six-week-old Crl:CD-1 nude mice were subcutaneously inoculated with tumor cells. Tumor-bearing mice were irradiated in vivo by a frequency-doubled pulsed Nd:YAG laser (lambda = 532 nm). A cooled CCD digital camera recorded fluorescence light emitted by HP injected in mice through a cut-on long-wavelength pass filter. RESULTS: The system we developed allows in vivo imaging of surface tumors on small animals with a large field of view, high photometric sensitivity, adequate space resolution, and short measurement time. The estimated spatial resolution is 730 microm for a fluorescence source placed about 0.5 mm under the mouse skin. The first exploration of the capabilities of this HP-FRI setup on few mice shows that it allows the detection of (a) both types of investigated tumors, (b) early stage and late stage but visually unrecognizable tumors, (c) the gross structure of tumors, and (d) the discrimination of necrotic and nonnecrotic tumor regions.

In vivo tumor detection in small animals by hematoporphyrin-mediated fluorescence imaging.

LACCETTI, PAOLO;MAROTTA, MARCELLO;QUARTO, MARIA;RICCIO, PATRIZIA;ROBERTI, GIUSEPPE
2010

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Noninvasive in vivo imaging of human tumors implanted in mice provides a reliable and economic tool for the investigation of tumor progression and metastasis and of the effectiveness of the antiblastic drugs on them. The purpose of this study is to report on the performance achievable by the well-known and extensively investigated HP-FRI (HematoPorphyrin (HP)-mediated Fluorescence Reflectance Imaging) when a high-quality image-acquisition device is used. BACKGROUND DATA: Previous articles of ours showed that HP-FRI still represents a useful, simple and reliable optical imaging technique to detect surface tumors. Therefore, it is particularly suitable to be used in combination with other imaging modalities in a multimodal imaging system endowed with diagnostic capabilities much better than each separate modality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six-week-old Crl:CD-1 nude mice were subcutaneously inoculated with tumor cells. Tumor-bearing mice were irradiated in vivo by a frequency-doubled pulsed Nd:YAG laser (lambda = 532 nm). A cooled CCD digital camera recorded fluorescence light emitted by HP injected in mice through a cut-on long-wavelength pass filter. RESULTS: The system we developed allows in vivo imaging of surface tumors on small animals with a large field of view, high photometric sensitivity, adequate space resolution, and short measurement time. The estimated spatial resolution is 730 microm for a fluorescence source placed about 0.5 mm under the mouse skin. The first exploration of the capabilities of this HP-FRI setup on few mice shows that it allows the detection of (a) both types of investigated tumors, (b) early stage and late stage but visually unrecognizable tumors, (c) the gross structure of tumors, and (d) the discrimination of necrotic and nonnecrotic tumor regions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/370306
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