In recent years there has been wide use of non-linear dynamic analysis for the evaluation of existing structures in areas of high seismic risk. In the simulation of the cyclicbehaviour of elements in reinforced concrete (RC) its bonding performance cannot be ignored. There are numerous numerical models developed in recent decades which can explicitly account for the slip between reinforcing bars and the surrounding concrete through the definition of the local hysteretic bond–slip relationship. As for plainbars, commonly used in reinforced concrete buildings before the 1970s, there are almost no references to hysteretic bond mechanisms. This paper describes the results of a series of monotonic and cyclic pull-out tests aimed at the assessment of the bond performances of plain round bars. Monotonic behaviour is characterized by a first ascending branch, up to the maximum bond strength; in this phase, as the slip increases, chemical–physical adhesion and micro-interlocking between the cement paste and the indentations of the bar surface progressively activate. During post-peak phase the only frictional contribute is present, gradually degrading towards a minimum value as the slip increases. The two parameters, maximum bond strength and minimum frictional bond, in spite of the high variability shown, seem to reflect well the literature indications about bond performances of plainbars. In cyclic field, where the only frictional mechanism is present, experimental results show a significant degradation of bond capacities. Hysteretic cycles show a singular shape, characterized by a reloading phase showing a slight reduction for slip values approaching zero and a subsequent increase in bond stress towards the maximum imposed slip. Bond stresses in cyclic field show a high variability, but it is generally possible to recognize a decreasing trend both with the number of cycles and with the maximum imposed slip.

Cyclic bond behaviour of plain bars. Part I: Experimental investigation

VERDERAME, GERARDO MARIO;RICCI, PAOLO;MANFREDI, GAETANO
2009

Abstract

In recent years there has been wide use of non-linear dynamic analysis for the evaluation of existing structures in areas of high seismic risk. In the simulation of the cyclicbehaviour of elements in reinforced concrete (RC) its bonding performance cannot be ignored. There are numerous numerical models developed in recent decades which can explicitly account for the slip between reinforcing bars and the surrounding concrete through the definition of the local hysteretic bond–slip relationship. As for plainbars, commonly used in reinforced concrete buildings before the 1970s, there are almost no references to hysteretic bond mechanisms. This paper describes the results of a series of monotonic and cyclic pull-out tests aimed at the assessment of the bond performances of plain round bars. Monotonic behaviour is characterized by a first ascending branch, up to the maximum bond strength; in this phase, as the slip increases, chemical–physical adhesion and micro-interlocking between the cement paste and the indentations of the bar surface progressively activate. During post-peak phase the only frictional contribute is present, gradually degrading towards a minimum value as the slip increases. The two parameters, maximum bond strength and minimum frictional bond, in spite of the high variability shown, seem to reflect well the literature indications about bond performances of plainbars. In cyclic field, where the only frictional mechanism is present, experimental results show a significant degradation of bond capacities. Hysteretic cycles show a singular shape, characterized by a reloading phase showing a slight reduction for slip values approaching zero and a subsequent increase in bond stress towards the maximum imposed slip. Bond stresses in cyclic field show a high variability, but it is generally possible to recognize a decreasing trend both with the number of cycles and with the maximum imposed slip.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/367406
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