Human beta-defensins (hBDs) are antimicrobial peptides of human innate immunity. The antibacterial activities of hBDs 1, 2, and 4 but not the activity of hBD3 are impaired by high salt levels. We have designed and synthesized seven novel hBD analogs, constituted by different domains of hBD1 (which is constitutively expressed in humans) and of hBD3 (which is induced by microorganisms and inflammatory factors in humans), that would maintain and potentially increase the wild-type antimicrobial activities and be salt resistant. We have compared the antibacterial, antiviral, and chemotactic activities of the analogs with those of hBD1 and hBD3. We show that the hBD1 internal region and the hBD3 C-terminal region are critical for antibacterial activity also at high salt concentrations, whereas deletion of the N-terminal region of hBD3 results in an increase in antibacterial activity. All analogs inhibited herpes simplex virus; antiviral activity was enhanced by the hBD1 internal region and the hBD3 C-terminal region. Wild-type and analog peptides were chemotactic for granulocytes and monocytes, irrespective of the salt concentrations. These new peptides may have therapeutic potential.

Novel synthetic, salt-resistant analogs of human beta-defensins 1 and 3 endowed with enhanced antimicrobial activity

SCUDIERO, OLGA;GALDIERO, STEFANIA;CANTISANI, MARCO;DI NOTO, ROSA;Vitiello M.;PEDONE, CARLO;CASTALDO, GIUSEPPE;SALVATORE, FRANCESCO
2010

Abstract

Human beta-defensins (hBDs) are antimicrobial peptides of human innate immunity. The antibacterial activities of hBDs 1, 2, and 4 but not the activity of hBD3 are impaired by high salt levels. We have designed and synthesized seven novel hBD analogs, constituted by different domains of hBD1 (which is constitutively expressed in humans) and of hBD3 (which is induced by microorganisms and inflammatory factors in humans), that would maintain and potentially increase the wild-type antimicrobial activities and be salt resistant. We have compared the antibacterial, antiviral, and chemotactic activities of the analogs with those of hBD1 and hBD3. We show that the hBD1 internal region and the hBD3 C-terminal region are critical for antibacterial activity also at high salt concentrations, whereas deletion of the N-terminal region of hBD3 results in an increase in antibacterial activity. All analogs inhibited herpes simplex virus; antiviral activity was enhanced by the hBD1 internal region and the hBD3 C-terminal region. Wild-type and analog peptides were chemotactic for granulocytes and monocytes, irrespective of the salt concentrations. These new peptides may have therapeutic potential.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Paper def.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Dominio pubblico
Dimensione 2.95 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.95 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/366786
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 41
  • Scopus 96
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 89
social impact