The polycistronic mRNA of the histidine operon is subject to a processing event that generates a rather stable transcript encompassing the five distal cistrons. The molecular mechanisms by which such a transcript is produced were investigated in Escherichia coli strains carrying mutations in several genes for exo- and endonucleases. The experimental approach made use of S1 nuclease protection assays on in vivo synthesized transcripts, site-directed mutagenesis and construction of chimeric plasmids, dissection of the processing reaction by RNA mobility retardation experiments, and in vitro RNA degradation assays with cellular extracts. We have found that processing requires (1) a functional endonuclease E; (2) target site(s) for this activity in the RNA region upstream of the 5' end of the processed transcript that can be substituted by another well-characterized rne-dependent cleavage site; (3) efficient translation initiation of the first cistron immediately downstream of the 5' end; and (4) a functional endonuclease P that seems to act on the processing products generated by ribonuclease E. This is the first evidence that ribonuclease P, an essential ribozyme required for the biosynthesis of tRNA, may also be involved in the segmental stabilization of a mRNA.

Ribonuclease E provides substrates for ribonuclease P-dependent processing of a polycistronic mRNA.

BRUNI, CARMELO BRUNO;
1994

Abstract

The polycistronic mRNA of the histidine operon is subject to a processing event that generates a rather stable transcript encompassing the five distal cistrons. The molecular mechanisms by which such a transcript is produced were investigated in Escherichia coli strains carrying mutations in several genes for exo- and endonucleases. The experimental approach made use of S1 nuclease protection assays on in vivo synthesized transcripts, site-directed mutagenesis and construction of chimeric plasmids, dissection of the processing reaction by RNA mobility retardation experiments, and in vitro RNA degradation assays with cellular extracts. We have found that processing requires (1) a functional endonuclease E; (2) target site(s) for this activity in the RNA region upstream of the 5' end of the processed transcript that can be substituted by another well-characterized rne-dependent cleavage site; (3) efficient translation initiation of the first cistron immediately downstream of the 5' end; and (4) a functional endonuclease P that seems to act on the processing products generated by ribonuclease E. This is the first evidence that ribonuclease P, an essential ribozyme required for the biosynthesis of tRNA, may also be involved in the segmental stabilization of a mRNA.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/366707
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