CONTEXT: Endothelial cells possess receptors to TSH. Their role is largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to determine whether elevated serum TSH levels, as occur in hypothyroidism, affect endothelial function of large arteries and vascular risk biomarkers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-four consecutively recruited patients, who had undergone thyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma, were studied in connection with one of the monitoring procedures based on recombinant human (rh) TSH administration. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery and serum vascular risk markers were measured at baseline and for 5 d after the administration of rhTSH (0.9 mg im on d 1 and 2). Holter electrocardiogram and echocardiography were performed on d 2. RESULTS: rhTSH caused a rapid increase in flow-mediated dilation from the basal value of 10.2 to 15.6\% at 6 h (P < 0.0000001), to 16.1\% on d 2 (P < 0.0000001), and to 14.9\% on d 6 (P = 0.0015). The results were identical when the analysis was made in a subgroup of 19 patients free of vascular risk conditions. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, TNFalpha, IL-6, and high sensitive C-reactive protein were unaffected by rhTSH, whereas homocysteine was decreased. Arterial blood pressure, mean 24-h heart rate, and left ventricular function were unaffected by rhTSH. CONCLUSIONS: rhTSH causes marked and persistent activation of the endothelial mediated vasodilation, independent of systemic hemodynamic changes.

Recombinant human thyrotropin enhances endothelial-mediated vasodilation of conduit arteries.

NAPOLI, RAFFAELE;LUPOLI, GIOVANNI;SACCA', LUIGI
2009

Abstract

CONTEXT: Endothelial cells possess receptors to TSH. Their role is largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to determine whether elevated serum TSH levels, as occur in hypothyroidism, affect endothelial function of large arteries and vascular risk biomarkers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-four consecutively recruited patients, who had undergone thyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma, were studied in connection with one of the monitoring procedures based on recombinant human (rh) TSH administration. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery and serum vascular risk markers were measured at baseline and for 5 d after the administration of rhTSH (0.9 mg im on d 1 and 2). Holter electrocardiogram and echocardiography were performed on d 2. RESULTS: rhTSH caused a rapid increase in flow-mediated dilation from the basal value of 10.2 to 15.6\% at 6 h (P < 0.0000001), to 16.1\% on d 2 (P < 0.0000001), and to 14.9\% on d 6 (P = 0.0015). The results were identical when the analysis was made in a subgroup of 19 patients free of vascular risk conditions. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, TNFalpha, IL-6, and high sensitive C-reactive protein were unaffected by rhTSH, whereas homocysteine was decreased. Arterial blood pressure, mean 24-h heart rate, and left ventricular function were unaffected by rhTSH. CONCLUSIONS: rhTSH causes marked and persistent activation of the endothelial mediated vasodilation, independent of systemic hemodynamic changes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/366541
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