The parental-specific expression of the insulin-like growth factor-2 (Igf-2) and H19 genes was studied in rat fibroblast cells derived from a 3 day-old first-generation hybrid animal obtained by crossing Fisher and Wistar strains (F x W cells). Results showed that the reciprocal imprinting of the Igf-2 and H19 genes was conserved in the rat tissues and in the derived F x W cells when cultured with frequent transfer. Igf-2 and H19 gene expression was coordinately up-regulated upon reaching confluence, but Igf-2 RNA levels were further increased in a time-dependent manner and the repressed state of the maternal Igf-2 allele was progressively relaxed in cultures held in the confluent state and in the presence of low serum for more than 3 days. The active expression and relaxed imprinting status of the Igf-2 gene persisted over cell generations when the growth-constraining conditions were released by trypsinization and dilution. On the contrary, the imprinting of the H19 gene appeared to be unaffected by changes in growth conditions and its expression was down-regulated when the confluent cells were passaged. Methylation of the H19 promoter and Igf-2 coding regions was increased in the F x W cells extensively held under confluence and in the derived 'post-confluent' cultures. The heritable changes in the expression, and imprinting status of the Igf-2 and H19 genes observed in the F x W cells closely resembles events described in human embryonal cancers and cancer-predisposing syndromes. The occurrence of imprinting relaxation under strong growth-inhibitory conditions supports the hypothesis that it is an epigenetic change.

Relaxation of insulin-like growth factor-2 imprinting in rat cultured cells.

BRUNI, CARMELO BRUNO;
1997

Abstract

The parental-specific expression of the insulin-like growth factor-2 (Igf-2) and H19 genes was studied in rat fibroblast cells derived from a 3 day-old first-generation hybrid animal obtained by crossing Fisher and Wistar strains (F x W cells). Results showed that the reciprocal imprinting of the Igf-2 and H19 genes was conserved in the rat tissues and in the derived F x W cells when cultured with frequent transfer. Igf-2 and H19 gene expression was coordinately up-regulated upon reaching confluence, but Igf-2 RNA levels were further increased in a time-dependent manner and the repressed state of the maternal Igf-2 allele was progressively relaxed in cultures held in the confluent state and in the presence of low serum for more than 3 days. The active expression and relaxed imprinting status of the Igf-2 gene persisted over cell generations when the growth-constraining conditions were released by trypsinization and dilution. On the contrary, the imprinting of the H19 gene appeared to be unaffected by changes in growth conditions and its expression was down-regulated when the confluent cells were passaged. Methylation of the H19 promoter and Igf-2 coding regions was increased in the F x W cells extensively held under confluence and in the derived 'post-confluent' cultures. The heritable changes in the expression, and imprinting status of the Igf-2 and H19 genes observed in the F x W cells closely resembles events described in human embryonal cancers and cancer-predisposing syndromes. The occurrence of imprinting relaxation under strong growth-inhibitory conditions supports the hypothesis that it is an epigenetic change.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/366380
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