High-dimensional quantum states, or qudits, represent a promising resource in the quantum information field. Here we present the experimental generation of four-dimensional quantum states, or ququarts, encoded in the polarization and orbital angular momentum of a single photon. Our technique, based on the q-plate device, allows the ququart to be prepared and measured in all five mutually unbiased bases. We report the reconstruction of the four-dimensional density matrix through the tomographic procedure for different ququart states.

Experimental generation and characterization of single-photon hybrid ququarts based on polarization and orbital angular momentum encoding

MARRUCCI, LORENZO;SANTAMATO, ENRICO;
2010

Abstract

High-dimensional quantum states, or qudits, represent a promising resource in the quantum information field. Here we present the experimental generation of four-dimensional quantum states, or ququarts, encoded in the polarization and orbital angular momentum of a single photon. Our technique, based on the q-plate device, allows the ququart to be prepared and measured in all five mutually unbiased bases. We report the reconstruction of the four-dimensional density matrix through the tomographic procedure for different ququart states.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/366226
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