Charcoal analysis was carried out in two archaeological sites on the north slope of the Somma-Vesuvius volcano, not far from Naples. Both sites were inhabited between the 2nd century AD and 472 AD, when a great Vesuvius eruption (so called Pollena eruption) buried them. In both sites Castanea sativa wood was largely used for architectural structures as well as firewood. Ten 14C dates, spanning between the 1st and the 5th century AD, testify to a continuative use of this wood throughout the life of the sites. The comparison between archaeobotanical and pollen data from other sites in southern Italy suggests that chestnut woods were close to the sites studied and had a restricted extension, possibly in a refugium area on Vesuvius’ foothills. The match between archaeological charcoals and pollen data suggests that the Romans did not spread chestnut cultivation in the entire Campania region and that its timber was used only locally up until the 5th -6th century AD.

Reworking the idea of chestnut (*Castanea sativa* Mill.) cultivation in Roman times: new data from ancient Campania.

DI PASQUALE, GAETANO;RUSSO ERMOLLI, ELDA;
2010

Abstract

Charcoal analysis was carried out in two archaeological sites on the north slope of the Somma-Vesuvius volcano, not far from Naples. Both sites were inhabited between the 2nd century AD and 472 AD, when a great Vesuvius eruption (so called Pollena eruption) buried them. In both sites Castanea sativa wood was largely used for architectural structures as well as firewood. Ten 14C dates, spanning between the 1st and the 5th century AD, testify to a continuative use of this wood throughout the life of the sites. The comparison between archaeobotanical and pollen data from other sites in southern Italy suggests that chestnut woods were close to the sites studied and had a restricted extension, possibly in a refugium area on Vesuvius’ foothills. The match between archaeological charcoals and pollen data suggests that the Romans did not spread chestnut cultivation in the entire Campania region and that its timber was used only locally up until the 5th -6th century AD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/366030
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