The microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase (mPGES)-1 is one of the terminal isoenzymes of prostaglandin (PG) E2 biosynthesis. Pharmacological inhibitors of mPGES-1 are proposed as an alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. We recently presented the design and synthesis of a series of pirinixic acid derivatives that dually inhibit mPGES-1 and 5-lipoxygenase. Here, we investigated the mechanism of mPGES-1 inhibition, the selectivity profile, and the in vivo activity of α-(n-hexyl)- substituted pirinixic acid [YS121; 2-(4-chloro-6-(2,3-dimethylphenylamino) pyrimidin-2-ylthio)octanoic acid)] as a lead compound. In cell-free assays, YS121 inhibited human mPGES-1 in a reversible and noncompetitive manner (IC 50 = 3.4 μM), and surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy studies using purified in vitro-translated human mPGES-1 indicate direct, reversible, and specific binding to mPGES-1 (KD = 10-14 μM). In lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human whole blood, PGE2 formation was concentration dependently inhibited (IC50 =2 μM), whereas concomitant generation of the cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-derived thromboxane B2 and 6-keto PGF1α and the COX-1-derived 12(S)-hydroxy-5-cis-8,10- transheptadecatrienoic acid was not significantly reduced. In carrageenan-induced rat pleurisy, YS121 (1.5 mg/kg i.p.) blocked exudate formation and leukocyte infiltration accompanied by reduced pleural levels of PGE2 and leukotriene B4 but also of 6-keto PGF 1α. Taken together, these results indicate that YS121 is a promising inhibitor of mPGES-1 with anti-inflammatory efficiency in human whole blood as well as in vivo.

The molecular pharmacology and in vivo activity of 2-(4-chloro-6-(2,3-dimethylphenylamino)pyrimidin-2-ylthio)octanoic acid (YS121), a dual inhibitor of microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase-1 and 5-lipoxygenase.

ROSSI, ANTONIETTA;SAUTEBIN, LIDIA;
2010

Abstract

The microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase (mPGES)-1 is one of the terminal isoenzymes of prostaglandin (PG) E2 biosynthesis. Pharmacological inhibitors of mPGES-1 are proposed as an alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. We recently presented the design and synthesis of a series of pirinixic acid derivatives that dually inhibit mPGES-1 and 5-lipoxygenase. Here, we investigated the mechanism of mPGES-1 inhibition, the selectivity profile, and the in vivo activity of α-(n-hexyl)- substituted pirinixic acid [YS121; 2-(4-chloro-6-(2,3-dimethylphenylamino) pyrimidin-2-ylthio)octanoic acid)] as a lead compound. In cell-free assays, YS121 inhibited human mPGES-1 in a reversible and noncompetitive manner (IC 50 = 3.4 μM), and surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy studies using purified in vitro-translated human mPGES-1 indicate direct, reversible, and specific binding to mPGES-1 (KD = 10-14 μM). In lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human whole blood, PGE2 formation was concentration dependently inhibited (IC50 =2 μM), whereas concomitant generation of the cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-derived thromboxane B2 and 6-keto PGF1α and the COX-1-derived 12(S)-hydroxy-5-cis-8,10- transheptadecatrienoic acid was not significantly reduced. In carrageenan-induced rat pleurisy, YS121 (1.5 mg/kg i.p.) blocked exudate formation and leukocyte infiltration accompanied by reduced pleural levels of PGE2 and leukotriene B4 but also of 6-keto PGF 1α. Taken together, these results indicate that YS121 is a promising inhibitor of mPGES-1 with anti-inflammatory efficiency in human whole blood as well as in vivo.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/365799
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