Vortex drop shafts are used in urban drainage systems to connect two sewers located at considerably different elevations. After their introduction in 1947, these were studied with particular reference to subcritical approach flow. Vortex shafts for supercritical approach flow can also be used, but the intake structure may have relatively high cost due to the complex geometry. The present study includes experimental results of a specific investigation on the changes to be made in the supercritical approach channel, if a subcritical vortex intake is used. The experimental investigation analyses the effect of a hydraulic jump on the performance of vortex intake structure to define appropriate technical solutions, essentially consisting in a negative step to be located along the supercritical approach channel. Design criteria are finally presented for the evaluation of the step height and its distance from the vortex intake structure.

Design of a scroll vortex inlet for supercritical approach flow

DEL GIUDICE, GIUSEPPE;RASULO, GIACOMO
2010

Abstract

Vortex drop shafts are used in urban drainage systems to connect two sewers located at considerably different elevations. After their introduction in 1947, these were studied with particular reference to subcritical approach flow. Vortex shafts for supercritical approach flow can also be used, but the intake structure may have relatively high cost due to the complex geometry. The present study includes experimental results of a specific investigation on the changes to be made in the supercritical approach channel, if a subcritical vortex intake is used. The experimental investigation analyses the effect of a hydraulic jump on the performance of vortex intake structure to define appropriate technical solutions, essentially consisting in a negative step to be located along the supercritical approach channel. Design criteria are finally presented for the evaluation of the step height and its distance from the vortex intake structure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/365361
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