The design, synthesis, and metal-binding properties of DF3, a new de novo designed di-iron protein model are described (‘‘DF’’ represents due ferri, Italian for ‘‘two iron,’’ ‘‘di-iron’’). DF3 is the latest member of the DF family of synthetic proteins. They consist of helix–loop– helix hairpins, designed to dimerize and form an antiparallel four-helix bundle that encompasses a metal-binding site similar to those of non-heme carboxylate-bridged di-iron proteins. Unlike previous DF proteins, DF3 is highly soluble in water (up to 3 mM) and forms stable complexes with several metal ions (Zn, Co, and Mn), with the desired secondary structure and the expected stoichiometry of two ions per protein. UV–vis studies of Co(II) and Fe(III) complexes confirm a metal-binding environment similar to previous di- Co(II)- and di-Fe(III)-DF proteins, including the presence of a l-oxo-di-Fe(III) unit. Interestingly, UV–vis, EPR, and resonance Raman studies suggest the interaction of a tyrosine adjacent to the di-Fe(III) center. The design of DF3 was aimed at increasing the accessibility of small molecules to the active site of the four-helix bundle. Indeed, binding of azide to the di-Fe(III) site demonstrates a more accessible metal site compared with previous DFs. In fact, fitting of the binding curve to the Hill equation allows us to quantify a 150% accessibility enhancement, with respect to DF2. All these results represent a significant step towards the development of a functional synthetic DF metalloprotein.

Spectroscopic and metal-binding properties of DF3: an artificial protein able to accommodate different metal ions

FAIELLA, MARINA;PAVONE, VINCENZO;NASTRI, FLAVIA;LOMBARDI, ANGELINA
2010

Abstract

The design, synthesis, and metal-binding properties of DF3, a new de novo designed di-iron protein model are described (‘‘DF’’ represents due ferri, Italian for ‘‘two iron,’’ ‘‘di-iron’’). DF3 is the latest member of the DF family of synthetic proteins. They consist of helix–loop– helix hairpins, designed to dimerize and form an antiparallel four-helix bundle that encompasses a metal-binding site similar to those of non-heme carboxylate-bridged di-iron proteins. Unlike previous DF proteins, DF3 is highly soluble in water (up to 3 mM) and forms stable complexes with several metal ions (Zn, Co, and Mn), with the desired secondary structure and the expected stoichiometry of two ions per protein. UV–vis studies of Co(II) and Fe(III) complexes confirm a metal-binding environment similar to previous di- Co(II)- and di-Fe(III)-DF proteins, including the presence of a l-oxo-di-Fe(III) unit. Interestingly, UV–vis, EPR, and resonance Raman studies suggest the interaction of a tyrosine adjacent to the di-Fe(III) center. The design of DF3 was aimed at increasing the accessibility of small molecules to the active site of the four-helix bundle. Indeed, binding of azide to the di-Fe(III) site demonstrates a more accessible metal site compared with previous DFs. In fact, fitting of the binding curve to the Hill equation allows us to quantify a 150% accessibility enhancement, with respect to DF2. All these results represent a significant step towards the development of a functional synthetic DF metalloprotein.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
JBIC_2010.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 543.21 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
543.21 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/365268
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 27
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 26
social impact