In the developing frog brain, the majority of mast cells (MC) are distributed in the pia mater, and some immature MC are located adjacent to the blood capillaries in and around the neuropil. In the adult brain, MC are more numerous than in pre- and prometamorphic tadpoles; they are mainly located within the pia mater and are particularly numerous in the choroid plexuses. Many MC are found within the brain ventricles juxtaposed to the ependymal lining. MC are rarely observed in the brain parenchyma. In the adult brain, MC number is much higher than in the brain of post-metamorphic froglets. In the latter, MC number is nearly 2-fold over that found in the pre-metamorphic brain. Treatment of pre- and pro-metamorphic tadpoles with 3,5,3-triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) stimulates overall larval development but does not induce a significant change in MC population within the brain. By contrast, treatment with 6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil (PTU) delays larval development and leads to a significant numerical increase of brain MC. In the adult, PTU treatment also has a similar effect whereas hypophysectomy causes a drastic decrease of MC population. The negative effects of hypophysectomy are successfully counteracted by a two-week replacement therapy with homologous pars distalis homogenate. In the adult frog, MC population seems to be refractory to thyroid hormone treatment. The present study on frog brain suggests that pituitary–thyroid axis may be involved in the regulation of MC frequency.

Mast cell population in the frog brain: distribution and influence of thyroid status

RASTOGI, RAKESH KUMAR;POLESE, GIANLUCA;
2010

Abstract

In the developing frog brain, the majority of mast cells (MC) are distributed in the pia mater, and some immature MC are located adjacent to the blood capillaries in and around the neuropil. In the adult brain, MC are more numerous than in pre- and prometamorphic tadpoles; they are mainly located within the pia mater and are particularly numerous in the choroid plexuses. Many MC are found within the brain ventricles juxtaposed to the ependymal lining. MC are rarely observed in the brain parenchyma. In the adult brain, MC number is much higher than in the brain of post-metamorphic froglets. In the latter, MC number is nearly 2-fold over that found in the pre-metamorphic brain. Treatment of pre- and pro-metamorphic tadpoles with 3,5,3-triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) stimulates overall larval development but does not induce a significant change in MC population within the brain. By contrast, treatment with 6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil (PTU) delays larval development and leads to a significant numerical increase of brain MC. In the adult, PTU treatment also has a similar effect whereas hypophysectomy causes a drastic decrease of MC population. The negative effects of hypophysectomy are successfully counteracted by a two-week replacement therapy with homologous pars distalis homogenate. In the adult frog, MC population seems to be refractory to thyroid hormone treatment. The present study on frog brain suggests that pituitary–thyroid axis may be involved in the regulation of MC frequency.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/364730
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