Purpose. Chitosan is one of the most sought-after components for designing nanoparticles for drug delivery applications. However, despite the large number of studies, reproducibility is often an issue; generally more attention should be focused on purity and precise characterization of the starting material, as well as on the development of robust preparative procedures. Methods. Using a rational experimental design, we have studied the influence of a number of orthogonal factors (pH, concentrations, ratios of components, different methods of mixing) in the preparation of chitosan/triphosphate (TPP) nanoparticles and in their coating with hyaluronic acid (HA), aiming at the minimisation of size polydispersity, the maximisation of zeta potential and long-term stability, and at the control over average nanoparticle size. Results and conclusion. Three optimised nanoparticles have been developed (two uncoated and one HA-coated) and their toxicity on fibroblasts and macrophages has been evaluated: experiments showed the beneficial character of HA-coating in the reduction of toxicity (IC50 raised from 0.7–0.8 mg/mL to 1.8 mg/mL) and suggested that the uncoated chitosan/TPP nanoparticles had toxic effects following internalisation rather than membrane disruption.

Chitosan/TPP and chitosan/TPP-hyaluronic acid nanoparticles: systematic optimisation of the preparative process and preliminary biological evaluation.

NASTI, ALESSANDRO;RIMOLI, MARIA GRAZIA;
2009

Abstract

Purpose. Chitosan is one of the most sought-after components for designing nanoparticles for drug delivery applications. However, despite the large number of studies, reproducibility is often an issue; generally more attention should be focused on purity and precise characterization of the starting material, as well as on the development of robust preparative procedures. Methods. Using a rational experimental design, we have studied the influence of a number of orthogonal factors (pH, concentrations, ratios of components, different methods of mixing) in the preparation of chitosan/triphosphate (TPP) nanoparticles and in their coating with hyaluronic acid (HA), aiming at the minimisation of size polydispersity, the maximisation of zeta potential and long-term stability, and at the control over average nanoparticle size. Results and conclusion. Three optimised nanoparticles have been developed (two uncoated and one HA-coated) and their toxicity on fibroblasts and macrophages has been evaluated: experiments showed the beneficial character of HA-coating in the reduction of toxicity (IC50 raised from 0.7–0.8 mg/mL to 1.8 mg/mL) and suggested that the uncoated chitosan/TPP nanoparticles had toxic effects following internalisation rather than membrane disruption.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Chitosan nanoparticles.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 726.31 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
726.31 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/358899
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 60
  • Scopus 232
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 211
social impact