Major and trace element analyses plus six new (40)Ar/(39)Ar data obtained on feldspar separates for selected igneous rocks belonging to the Oligo-Miocene igneous activity of Sardinia are reported here. The rocks show "subduction-related'' geochemical characteristics, ascribed to the metasomatic modification of a mantle wedge developed above a W/NW directed subduction system involving the recycling of Neo-Tethyan oceanic lithosphere beneath the southern European margin. The (40)Ar/(39)Ar data shift back the beginning of the igneous activity in Sardinia to late Eocene (38.28 +/- 0.26 Ma), whereas the end of the igneous activity is possibly shifted forward to late middle Miocene (12.24 +/- 0.98 Ma). We therefore propose to rename the Oligo-Miocene igneous phase as the "late Eocene-middle Miocene'' phase. Rare earth element inversion modeling on subduction-related volcanic rocks of Sardinia requires equilibrium with spinellherzolite facies, therefore implying depths of formation lower than similar to 80 km. To reach these depths, a 45 degrees dipping slab needs similar to 11 to similar to 4 Myr (with 1 to 3 cm/yr subduction velocity, respectively), reducing the beginning of Apennine subduction to the similar to 49-42 Ma interval. The different models proposed in literature to explain the origin and the evolution of the central western Mediterranean basins are here reviewed and critically discussed. Citation: Lustrino, M., V. Morra, L. Fedele, and L. Franciosi (2009), Beginning of the Apennine subduction system in central western Mediterranean: Constraints from Cenozoic "orogenic'' magmatic activity of Sardinia, Italy.

The beginning of the Apennine subduction system in central-western Mediterranean: constraints from Cenozoic “orogenic” magmatic activity of Sardinia (Italy)

MORRA, VINCENZO;FEDELE, LORENZO;FRANCIOSI, LUIGI
2009

Abstract

Major and trace element analyses plus six new (40)Ar/(39)Ar data obtained on feldspar separates for selected igneous rocks belonging to the Oligo-Miocene igneous activity of Sardinia are reported here. The rocks show "subduction-related'' geochemical characteristics, ascribed to the metasomatic modification of a mantle wedge developed above a W/NW directed subduction system involving the recycling of Neo-Tethyan oceanic lithosphere beneath the southern European margin. The (40)Ar/(39)Ar data shift back the beginning of the igneous activity in Sardinia to late Eocene (38.28 +/- 0.26 Ma), whereas the end of the igneous activity is possibly shifted forward to late middle Miocene (12.24 +/- 0.98 Ma). We therefore propose to rename the Oligo-Miocene igneous phase as the "late Eocene-middle Miocene'' phase. Rare earth element inversion modeling on subduction-related volcanic rocks of Sardinia requires equilibrium with spinellherzolite facies, therefore implying depths of formation lower than similar to 80 km. To reach these depths, a 45 degrees dipping slab needs similar to 11 to similar to 4 Myr (with 1 to 3 cm/yr subduction velocity, respectively), reducing the beginning of Apennine subduction to the similar to 49-42 Ma interval. The different models proposed in literature to explain the origin and the evolution of the central western Mediterranean basins are here reviewed and critically discussed. Citation: Lustrino, M., V. Morra, L. Fedele, and L. Franciosi (2009), Beginning of the Apennine subduction system in central western Mediterranean: Constraints from Cenozoic "orogenic'' magmatic activity of Sardinia, Italy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/358028
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