The present study was undertaken to investigate aneuploidy rates in the sperm populations of 2 cattle (Bos taurus) breeds by using dual color fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with Xcen and Y chromosome-specific painting probes, obtained by chromosome microdissection and DOP-PCR. Frozen semen from 10 Italian Friesian and 10 Italian Brown testing bulls was used for the investigation. For each bull, more than 5,000 sperm were analyzed, for a total of 52,586 and 51,342 sperm cells for the 2 breeds, respectively. The present study revealed - in both breeds - a preponderance of the Y-bearing sperm compared to the X-bearing sperm. Within each breed, a statistically significant variation in the various classes of aneuploidy (XX, YY and XY) was found: differences were found in the Friesian breed among the 3 diploidy classes, and in the Brown breed, among the 3 disomy classes (p < 0.05) as well as among the 3 diploidy classes (p < 0.01). However, the 2 breeds did not differ significantly in the overall mean rates of X-Y aneuploidy (disomy + diploidy) which amounts to 0.162% in the Italian Friesian and 0.142% in the Italian Brown. When meiosis I (MI) and II (MII) errors were compared, statistically significant differences (p < 0.01) were found in the disomy classes and in both breeds, whereas the differences between diploidy classes were not significant. Compared to humans, a lower level of aneuploidy has been found in the domestic species analyzed so far. The present study contributes to the establishment of a baseline level of aneuploidy in the sperm populations of 2 cattle breeds which could be used for monitoring future trends of reproductive health, especially in relation to environmental changes and mutagens.

X-Y Sperm aneuploidy in two cattle (Bos taurus) breeds as determined by dual color fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH)

NICODEMO, DAVIDE;PAUCIULLO, ALFREDO;COSENZA, GIANFRANCO;PERETTI, VINCENZO;RAMUNNO, LUIGI;IANNUZZI, LEOPOLDO;DI BERARDINO, DINO
2009

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to investigate aneuploidy rates in the sperm populations of 2 cattle (Bos taurus) breeds by using dual color fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with Xcen and Y chromosome-specific painting probes, obtained by chromosome microdissection and DOP-PCR. Frozen semen from 10 Italian Friesian and 10 Italian Brown testing bulls was used for the investigation. For each bull, more than 5,000 sperm were analyzed, for a total of 52,586 and 51,342 sperm cells for the 2 breeds, respectively. The present study revealed - in both breeds - a preponderance of the Y-bearing sperm compared to the X-bearing sperm. Within each breed, a statistically significant variation in the various classes of aneuploidy (XX, YY and XY) was found: differences were found in the Friesian breed among the 3 diploidy classes, and in the Brown breed, among the 3 disomy classes (p < 0.05) as well as among the 3 diploidy classes (p < 0.01). However, the 2 breeds did not differ significantly in the overall mean rates of X-Y aneuploidy (disomy + diploidy) which amounts to 0.162% in the Italian Friesian and 0.142% in the Italian Brown. When meiosis I (MI) and II (MII) errors were compared, statistically significant differences (p < 0.01) were found in the disomy classes and in both breeds, whereas the differences between diploidy classes were not significant. Compared to humans, a lower level of aneuploidy has been found in the domestic species analyzed so far. The present study contributes to the establishment of a baseline level of aneuploidy in the sperm populations of 2 cattle breeds which could be used for monitoring future trends of reproductive health, especially in relation to environmental changes and mutagens.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/357260
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