BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was reported to be associated with increased cardiovascular risk in various settings, however its prognostic impact in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is scanty. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively studied 173 patients with intermittent claudication and ankle/brachial index (ABI)<0.90, in whom MetS was defined using the criteria of both the revised version of the Adults Treatment Panel III (rATP III) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Of these patients, 52.6% met the rATP III and 54.9% the IDF criteria for MetS. During a median follow-up of 31 months, 54 cardiovascular events occurred. Kaplan-Meier curves showed a greater incidence of ischemic events in patients with MetS than in those without. However, adjusted Cox analyses revealed that only IDF-MetS was independently associated with increased cardiovascular risk (HR=1.91, 95% CI 1.03-3.51, p=0.038). Kaplan-Meier curves for the four groups of patients delineated according to the bootstrapped ABI cut-off value (0.73) and the presence or absence of IDF-MetS revealed that the syndrome improved the predictive power of ABI alone. Actually, among patients with an ABI≤0.73, those with IDF-MetS had a higher cardiovascular risk than those without the syndrome (HR=2.55, 95% CI 1.22-5.12, p=0.012). This was confirmed by c-statistic, which was 0.56 for ABI alone and increased to 0.65 (p=0.046) when IDF-Mets was added to the pressure index. CONCLUSION: In PAD, IDF-MetS, but not rATP III-MetS, is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Furthermore, IDF-MetS adds to the prognostic value of ABI, currently the most powerful prognostic indicator in PAD.

Metabolic syndrome and cardiovascolar risk prediction in peripheral arterial disease.

BREVETTI, GREGORIO;GIUGLIANO, GIUSEPPE;CHIARIELLO, MASSIMO
2010

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was reported to be associated with increased cardiovascular risk in various settings, however its prognostic impact in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is scanty. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively studied 173 patients with intermittent claudication and ankle/brachial index (ABI)<0.90, in whom MetS was defined using the criteria of both the revised version of the Adults Treatment Panel III (rATP III) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Of these patients, 52.6% met the rATP III and 54.9% the IDF criteria for MetS. During a median follow-up of 31 months, 54 cardiovascular events occurred. Kaplan-Meier curves showed a greater incidence of ischemic events in patients with MetS than in those without. However, adjusted Cox analyses revealed that only IDF-MetS was independently associated with increased cardiovascular risk (HR=1.91, 95% CI 1.03-3.51, p=0.038). Kaplan-Meier curves for the four groups of patients delineated according to the bootstrapped ABI cut-off value (0.73) and the presence or absence of IDF-MetS revealed that the syndrome improved the predictive power of ABI alone. Actually, among patients with an ABI≤0.73, those with IDF-MetS had a higher cardiovascular risk than those without the syndrome (HR=2.55, 95% CI 1.22-5.12, p=0.012). This was confirmed by c-statistic, which was 0.56 for ABI alone and increased to 0.65 (p=0.046) when IDF-Mets was added to the pressure index. CONCLUSION: In PAD, IDF-MetS, but not rATP III-MetS, is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Furthermore, IDF-MetS adds to the prognostic value of ABI, currently the most powerful prognostic indicator in PAD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/357098
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